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PURPOSE Identification of a 32-kd protein in the bovine retinal pigment epithelium. METHODS A bovine retinal pigment epithelium cDNA library was constructed in the bacteriophage lambda ZAP Express. A monoclonal antibody, designated 21-C3/AV, was used to isolate the cDNA encoding the 21-C3/AV antigen. A positive full-length clone, designated 21-C3RDH/CD,(More)
The crystal structure of rhodopsin has provided the first three-dimensional molecular model for a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). Alignment of the molecular model from the crystallographic structure with the helical axes seen in cryo-electron microscopic (cryo-EM) studies provides an opportunity to investigate the properties of the molecule as a function(More)
RDH12 has been suggested to be one of the retinol dehydrogenases (RDH) involved in the vitamin A recycling system (visual cycle) in the eye. Loss of function mutations in the RDH12 gene were recently reported to be associated with autosomal recessive childhood-onset severe retinal dystrophy. Here we show that RDH12 localizes to the photoreceptor inner(More)
To elucidate the possible role of 11-cis-retinol dehydrogenase in the visual cycle and/or 9-cis-retinoic acid biosynthesis, we generated mice carrying a targeted disruption of the 11-cis-retinol dehydrogenase gene. Homozygous 11-cis-retinol dehydrogenase mutants developed normally, including their retinas. There was no appreciable loss of photoreceptors.(More)
Retinoids are chromophores involved in vision, transcriptional regulation, and cellular differentiation. Members of the short chain alcohol dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily catalyze the transformation of retinol to retinal. Here, we describe the identification and properties of three enzymes from a novel subfamily of four retinol dehydrogenases(More)
The 11-cis-retinol dehydrogenase (11-cis-RoDH) gene encodes the short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase responsible for 11-cis-retinol oxidation in the visual cycle. The structure of the murine 11-cis-RoDH gene was used to reinvestigate its transcription pattern. An 11-cis-RoDH gene transcript was detected in several non-ocular tissues. The question regarding the(More)
We recently cloned the murine 11-cis retinol dehydrogenase gene. A second gene, the murine GCN5L1 gene, was found to be situated upstream of the murine 11-cis retinol dehydrogenase gene. We have isolated and sequenced the complete coding sequence of the murine GCN5L1 gene. The distance between the 3'-end of the murine GCN5L1 gene and the 5'-end of the(More)
In the vertebrate retina, the final step of visual chromophore production is the oxidation of 11-cis-retinol to 11-cis-retinal. This reaction is catalyzed by 11-cis-retinol dehydrogenases (11-cis-RDHs), prior to the chromophore rejoining with the visual pigment apo-proteins. The RDH5 gene encodes a dehydrogenase that is responsible for the majority of RDH(More)
The effect of retinoic acid on the differentiation of a human retinal pigment epithelium-derived cell line ARPE-19 was studied. Differentiation of ARPE-19 cells is delayed by retinoic acid. The minimum all-trans-retinoic acid concentration needed for delay of ARPE-19 differentiation is 1 microM. A delay of differentiation was also observed using 1 microM(More)
PURPOSE Recent studies show that mutations in the gene encoding 11-cis retinol dehydrogenase are associated with fundus albipunctatus. The authors wanted to investigate whether additional, more severe, mutations in the 11-cis retinol dehydrogenase gene might be responsible for more severe forms of hereditary retinal diseases. DESIGN Case-control molecular(More)