Carola A G G Driessen

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Retinoids are chromophores involved in vision, transcriptional regulation, and cellular differentiation. Members of the short chain alcohol dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily catalyze the transformation of retinol to retinal. Here, we describe the identification and properties of three enzymes from a novel subfamily of four retinol dehydrogenases(More)
The crystal structure of rhodopsin has provided the first three-dimensional molecular model for a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). Alignment of the molecular model from the crystallographic structure with the helical axes seen in cryo-electron microscopic (cryo-EM) studies provides an opportunity to investigate the properties of the molecule as a function(More)
PURPOSE Identification of a 32-kd protein in the bovine retinal pigment epithelium. METHODS A bovine retinal pigment epithelium cDNA library was constructed in the bacteriophage lambda ZAP Express. A monoclonal antibody, designated 21-C3/AV, was used to isolate the cDNA encoding the 21-C3/AV antigen. A positive full-length clone, designated 21-C3RDH/CD,(More)
METHODS The 38-year-old index patient was examined by visual acuity testing, perimetry, dark adaptometry, funduscopy, electroretinogram (ERG), and multifocal ERG. She was screened for mutations in exons 2-5 and exon/intron boundaries of the 11- cis retinol dehydrogenase gene by direct sequencing. RESULTS Visual acuity was 1.0, but perimetry revealed(More)
The effect of retinoic acid on the differentiation of a human retinal pigment epithelium-derived cell line ARPE-19 was studied. Differentiation of ARPE-19 cells is delayed by retinoic acid. The minimum all-trans-retinoic acid concentration needed for delay of ARPE-19 differentiation is 1 microM. A delay of differentiation was also observed using 1 microM(More)
PURPOSE Nissen fundoplication is an effective treatment for gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). Mobilization of the gastric fundus during fundoplication requires division of short gastric vessels of the spleen, which may cause splenic ischemia. The aim of this study was to determine if Nissen fundoplication results in hypotrophy of the spleen. (More)
The retinal G protein-coupled receptor (RGR) is a protein that structurally resembles visual pigments and other G protein-coupled receptors. RGR may play a role as a photoisomerase in the production of 11-cis-retinal, the chromophore of the visual pigments. As the proposed function of RGR, in a complex with 11-cis-retinol dehydrogenase (RDH5), is to(More)
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