Carola A G G Driessen

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Retinoids are chromophores involved in vision, transcriptional regulation, and cellular differentiation. Members of the short chain alcohol dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily catalyze the transformation of retinol to retinal. Here, we describe the identification and properties of three enzymes from a novel subfamily of four retinol dehydrogenases(More)
The crystal structure of rhodopsin has provided the first three-dimensional molecular model for a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). Alignment of the molecular model from the crystallographic structure with the helical axes seen in cryo-electron microscopic (cryo-EM) studies provides an opportunity to investigate the properties of the molecule as a function(More)
PURPOSE Identification of a 32-kd protein in the bovine retinal pigment epithelium. METHODS A bovine retinal pigment epithelium cDNA library was constructed in the bacteriophage lambda ZAP Express. A monoclonal antibody, designated 21-C3/AV, was used to isolate the cDNA encoding the 21-C3/AV antigen. A positive full-length clone, designated 21-C3RDH/CD,(More)
The effect of retinoic acid on the differentiation of a human retinal pigment epithelium-derived cell line ARPE-19 was studied. Differentiation of ARPE-19 cells is delayed by retinoic acid. The minimum all-trans-retinoic acid concentration needed for delay of ARPE-19 differentiation is 1 microM. A delay of differentiation was also observed using 1 microM(More)
METHODS The 38-year-old index patient was examined by visual acuity testing, perimetry, dark adaptometry, funduscopy, electroretinogram (ERG), and multifocal ERG. She was screened for mutations in exons 2-5 and exon/intron boundaries of the 11- cis retinol dehydrogenase gene by direct sequencing. RESULTS Visual acuity was 1.0, but perimetry revealed(More)
The retinal G protein-coupled receptor (RGR) is a protein that structurally resembles visual pigments and other G protein-coupled receptors. RGR may play a role as a photoisomerase in the production of 11-cis-retinal, the chromophore of the visual pigments. As the proposed function of RGR, in a complex with 11-cis-retinol dehydrogenase (RDH5), is to(More)
In addition to RDH5, other enzymes capable of oxidizing 11-cis-retinol are present within the retinal pigment epithelium, Müller cells and/or photoreceptors. Candidate proteins have meanwhile been identified. To study the physiological and pathological aspects of these enzymes, mice in which these genes are no longer functional are being generated. A(More)
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