During brain development, GABA and glycine switch from being depolarizing to being hyperpolarizing neurotransmitters. This conversion results from a gradual decrease in the chloride electrochemical equilibrium potential (ECl) of developing neurons, which correlates to an increase in the expression or activity of the potassium chloride cotransporter, KCC2.… (More)
Different isoforms of serotonin subtype 2C receptor (5-HT(2C)R) with altered G protein-coupling efficacy are generated by RNA editing, which converts genomically encoded adenosine residues into inosines. In combination, editing of five sites all located within the second intracellular loop region of 5-HT(2C)R mRNA changes the gene-encoded Ile, Asn, and Ile… (More)
RNA editing plays an important role in determining physiological characteristics of certain glutamate-gated receptor (GluR) channels such as Ca2+ permeability and desensitization kinetics. In one case, the editing changes a gene-encoded glutamine (Q) to an arginine (R) codon located in the channel-forming domain of the… (More)
Retrotransposition of endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) poses a substantial threat to genome stability. Transcriptional silencing of a subset of these parasitic elements in early mouse embryonic and germ cell development is dependent upon the lysine methyltransferase SETDB1, which deposits H3K9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) and the co-repressor KAP1, which binds… (More)
Quantification of chromophore concentrations in reflectance mode remains a major challenge for biomedical optics. Spectroscopic Optical Coherence Tomography (SOCT) provides depth-resolved spectroscopic information necessary for quantitative analysis of chromophores, like hemoglobin, but conventional SOCT analysis methods are applicable only to well-defined… (More)
Fitness functions for multiple objective optimization problems: Combining preferences with Pareto rankings, " Foundations of Genetic Algorithms, R. " Exploring the design of the magnetic-electrical interface for nanomagnet logic, " accepted to IEEE Transaction on Nanotechnology, 2013. Efficient implementation of the 3D-DDA ray traversal algorithm on GPU and… (More)
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The maximal acceleration corrections to the Lamb shift of muonic hydrogen are calculated by using the relativistic Dirac wave functions. The correction for the 2S − 2P transition is ∼ 0.38 meV and is higher than the accuracy of present QED calculations and of the expected accuracy of experiments in preparation.