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OBJECTIVES This study assessed relationships between condom availability programs accompanied by community discussion and involvement and adolescent sexual practices. METHODS Sexual practice and condom use differences were assessed in a representative sample of 4166 adolescents enrolled in high schools with and without condom availability programs. (More)
OBJECTIVES This study compared sexual risk behaviors of gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) and heterosexual adolescents and evaluated associations between gay-sensitive HIV instruction and risk behaviors of GLB youths. METHODS A random sample of high school students and HIV education teachers completed surveys. Self-reported risk behaviors of heterosexual(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine associations between health risk behaviors and sexual experience with opposite-, same-, or both-sex partners in representative samples of high school students. DESIGN We used 1995 and 1997 data from the Vermont and Massachusetts Youth Risk Behavior Surveys. Logistic regression and multiple regression analyses were used to compare(More)
In recent years, more attention has been given to the fact that grieving is a process, especially in the work of Elizabeth Kubler-Ross. The literature has focused on many aspects of bereavement, including how the process may be different at different ages. Much of the research on adolescents has focused on reactions to the suicide of a peer. The purpose of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the relationships between recency of immigration, substance use, and sexual behavior. METHODS Surveys were conducted with 2635 Massachusetts 8th and 10th graders that allowed comparisons of health behaviors and risk and protective factors among students living in the United States "always," more than 6 years, or 6 years or(More)
OBJECTIVES We compared the prevalence of current homelessness among adolescents reporting a minority sexual orientation (lesbian/gay, bisexual, unsure, or heterosexual with same-sex sexual partners) with that among exclusively heterosexual adolescents. METHODS We combined data from the 2005 and 2007 Massachusetts Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a(More)
Yelin and others have shown social work factors to be more important than disease factors in predicting work disability among arthritis patients; however, the effects of family factors on work role functioning have not been considered in previous explanatory models. In this study, we use Yelin's model to explain work disability among 122 women with(More)
Using a cross-sectional interview study of 194 women with rheumatoid arthritis, investigated the relationship between health status, social integration, qualitative aspects of social support, and social and psychological functioning in the presence of a chronic, disabling disease. Even after controlling for the influences of current physical limitations and(More)
Few current studies of the effects of chronic conditions on social functioning examine the effects of disease on the role of homemaker. A major problem confronting researchers in this area is the difficulty in operationalizing dysfunction in social roles other than work roles. In this study we have developed a measure of homemaker functioning based on(More)