Carol Powell

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We have recently cloned a 2.65-kilobase complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSM) recognized by the 7E11-C5.3 anti-prostate monoclonal antibody. Immunohistochemical analysis of the LNCaP, DU-145, and PC-3 prostate cancer cell lines for PSM expression using the 7E11-C5.3 antibody reveals intense staining in the LNCaP(More)
A highly sensitive nested reverse transcriptase-PCR assay, with primers derived from the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSM) cDNA sequences, has been used to detect occult hematogenous micrometastatic prostate cells. In 77 patients with prostate cancer, PSM and PSA primers detected circulating prostate cells in 48(More)
Neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP) is a cell-surface enzyme expressed by prostatic epithelial cells that cleaves and inactivates neuropeptides implicated in the growth of androgen-independent prostate cancer (PC). We report that NEP expression and catalytic activity are lost in vitro in androgen-independent but not androgen-dependent PC cell lines. In vivo,(More)
Recently, a novel M(r) 100,000 prostate-specific membrane glycoprotein (PSM) has been detected by the prostate-specific monoclonal antibody 7E11-C5, raised against the human prostatic carcinoma cell line LNCaP. The PSM antigen is expressed exclusively by normal and neoplastic prostate cells and metastases. We now report the molecular cloning of a(More)
We examined expression of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSM) mRNA in normal prostate using reverse transcription-PCR and sequencing. An alternatively spliced variant, PSM', along with the previously described PSM form, was found in normal prostate. PSM' cDNA is shorter (2387 nucleotides) than PSM (2653 nucleotides). The cDNAs are identical except for(More)
Others have reported that the phorbol ester 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), an activator and down-regulator of most protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes, can induce apoptotic cell death of androgen-sensitive LNCaP but not androgen-insensitive PC-3 or DU 145 human prostate cancer cells. As a first step toward uncovering the mechanism by which TPA(More)
Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a 100 kDa type II transmembrane protein with folate hydrolase and NAALAdase activity. PSMA is highly expressed in prostate cancer and the vasculature of most solid tumors, and is currently the target of a number of diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. PSMA is also expressed in the brain, and is involved in(More)
Previously, we reported that 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced apoptosis of LNCaP human prostate cancer cells was accompanied by prolonged translocation of protein kinase C (PKC)alpha to non-nuclear membranes and that TPA-resistant LNCaP cells had down-regulated PKCalpha. Here we show that 10 nM bryostatin 1 induced transient membrane(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) zeta is a phospholipid-dependent serine/threonine kinase that appears to perform important cell signaling functions. Two forms of PKC zeta RNA, with different 5' ends, have been reported. The major form (zeta) is expressed in most, if not all tissues, while the minor form (zeta'), which encodes the catalytic domain of the enzyme(More)
Metastasis is a vital target for cancer treatment, since the majority of cancer patients die from metastatic, rather than the primary disease. KiSS1 has been identified as a metastasis suppressor gene in melanoma and breast carcinomas. We show here that KiSS1 is also a metastasis suppressor in human ovarian cancer. Overexpression of KiSS1 in ovarian cancer(More)