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The division of linguistic structure into a meaningless (phonological) level and a meaningful level of morphemes and words is considered a basic design feature of human language. Although established sign languages, like spoken languages, have been shown to be characterized by this bifurcation, no information has been available about the way in which such(More)
The paper examines the role that iconicity plays in the structuring of grammars. Two main points are argued for: (a) Grammar does not necessarily suppress iconicity; rather, iconicity and grammar can enjoy a congenial relation in that iconicity can play an active role in the structuring of grammars. (b) Iconicity is not monolithic. There are different types(More)
Children acquire language without instruction as long as they are regularly and meaningfully engaged with an accessible human language. Today, 80% of children born deaf in the developed world are implanted with cochlear devices that allow some of them access to sound in their early years, which helps them to develop speech. However, because of brain(More)
This report contains a linguistic description of a language created spontaneously without any apparent external influence in a stable existing community. We describe the syntactic structure of Al-Sayyid Bedouin Sign Language, a language that has arisen in the last 70 years in an isolated endogamous community with a high incidence of nonsyndromic,(More)
Around 96 percent of children with hearing loss are born to parents with intact hearing, who may initially know little about deafness or sign language. Therefore, such parents will need information and support in making decisions about the medical, linguistic, and educational management of their child. Some of these decisions are time-sensitive and(More)
Sign languages use space because they can. 1 In previous work on verb agreement in sign languages, we have discussed " the ability of a language produced in space to represent certain spatial and visual concepts iconically " (Aronoff, Meir, & Sandler, 2005). We resolved in that work what we called " the paradox of sign language morphology. " Although all(More)
When naming certain hand-held, man-made tools, American Sign Language (ASL) signers exhibit either of two iconic strategies: a handling strategy, where the hands show holding or grasping an imagined object in action, or an instrument strategy, where the hands represent the shape or a dimension of the object in a typical action. The same strategies are also(More)
The BB/W rat is currently the best model of type I (insulin dependent diabetes). Even though this rat develops an autoimmune disease, they are immune deficient. In this study we have demonstrated the almost complete absence of the OX 8+, OX 19+ T cytotoxic/suppressor population in diabetes prone and acute diabetic rats. This population is present in the(More)
The BioBreeding/Worcester (BB/Wor) rat provides a good model of spontaneous autoimmune diabetes. There are several sublines of the BB/Wor rat. The diabetes prone (DP) sublines develop diabetes at a frequency of 50 to 80% from 60 to 120 days of age. The DP rats are lymphopenic, have a severe deficit in phenotypic OX 19+ OX 8+ cytotoxic T cells (Tc), and lack(More)
There is no evidence that learning a natural human language is cognitively harmful to children. To the contrary, multilingualism has been argued to be beneficial to all. Nevertheless, many professionals advise the parents of deaf children that their children should not learn a sign language during their early years, despite strong evidence across many(More)