Carol Nottenburg

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EPTD Discussion Papers contain preliminary material and research results, and are circulated prior to a full peer review in order to stimulate discussion and critical comment. It is expected that most Discussion Papers will eventually be published in some other form, and that their content may also be revised. ABSTRACT As patents and other forms of(More)
provided excellent research assistance, and Agapi Somwaru (USDA, ERS) collaborated with us in compiling the trade data. Richard Jefferson provided invaluable comments on earlier drafts. Research for this paper was made possible, in part, by a grant from the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida). Abstract A biotechnology revolution is proceeding in(More)
Scientific advances in many fields were historically treated as public goods. This was particularly true in agriculture. Universities and other public sector institutions were leaders in developing improved crop varieties that were transferred to farms through cooperative extension services in the United States or equivalent organizations internationally(More)
Intellectual property protection for plant varieties seems perpetually embroiled in policy controversy and professional debate. The United States, a hub of plant innovation with multiple types of plant IP protections, has long been at the center of the storm. As early as 1869, the objections of a writer in the Rural New Yorker captured the essential(More)
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