Carol Nottenburg

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EPTD Discussion Papers contain preliminary material and research results, and are circulated prior to a full peer review in order to stimulate discussion and critical comment. It is expected that most Discussion Papers will eventually be published in some other form, and that their content may also be revised. ABSTRACT As patents and other forms of(More)
provided excellent research assistance, and Agapi Somwaru (USDA, ERS) collaborated with us in compiling the trade data. Richard Jefferson provided invaluable comments on earlier drafts. Research for this paper was made possible, in part, by a grant from the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida). Abstract A biotechnology revolution is proceeding in(More)
Intellectual property protection for plant varieties seems perpetually embroiled in policy controversy and professional debate. The United States, a hub of plant innovation with multiple types of plant IP protections, has long been at the center of the storm. As early as 1869, the objections of a writer in the Rural New Yorker captured the essential(More)
I n agricultural biotechnology, the key technologies protected as intellectual property are highly concentrated in the hands of a small number of large, multinational corporations based in North America and Western Europe (" the North "). Although many developing countries (" the South ") lack the capacity to adopt these technologies, a system of(More)
P ublic and private nonprofit institutions worldwide engaged in agricultural research and biotechnology are increasingly active participants in intellectual property transactions, interacting with the for-profit sector and even spawning private entities of their own. Notably absent from the group of nonprofit institutes seeking patent protection are the 16(More)
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