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BACKGROUND Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) rats exhibit many phenotypic traits associated with salt-sensitive hypertension in man. Specifically, they are salt-sensitive, insulin-resistant and hyperlipidemic. They also develop endothelial dysfunction, cardiac injury and glomerulosclerosis. Insulin resistance is linked to hypertension, renal and cardiac damage(More)
The rat has long been a model favored by physiologists, pharmacologists and neuroscientists. However, over the past two decades, many investigators in these fields have turned to the mouse because of its gene modification technologies and extensive genomic resources. Although the genomic resources of the rat have nearly caught up, gene targeting has lagged(More)
Congenic strains continue to be a fundamental resource for dissecting the genetic basis of complex traits. Traditionally, genetic variants (QTLs) that account for phenotypic variation in a panel of congenic strains are sought first by comparing phenotypes for each strain to the host (reference) strain, and then by examining the results to identify a common(More)
This study examined the effect of transfer of overlapping regions of chromosome 5 that includes (4A(+)) or excludes (4A(-)) the cytochrome P-450 4A (CYP4A) genes from the Lewis rat on the renal production of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) and the development of hypertension-induced renal disease in congenic strains of Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S)(More)
BACKGROUND The proximal region of murine Chr 2 has long been known to harbour one or more imprinted genes from classic genetic studies involving reciprocal translocations. No imprinted gene had been identified from this region until our study demonstrated that the PcG gene Sfmbt2 is expressed from the paternally inherited allele in early embryos and(More)
The rat is an important system for modeling human disease. Four years ago, the rich 150-year history of rat research was transformed by the sequencing of the rat genome, ushering in an era of exceptional opportunity for identifying genes and pathways underlying disease phenotypes. Genome-wide association studies in human populations have recently provided a(More)
Studies were designed to examine the hypothesis that the renal medulla of Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) rats has a reduced capacity to generate nitric oxide (NO), which diminishes the ability to buffer against the chronic hypertensive effects of small elevations of circulating ANG II. NO synthase (NOS) activity in the outer medulla of Dahl S rats(More)
The expression of monomorphic determinants of the histocompatibility leukocyte antigens (HLA) class I antigens by human malignant tumor cells was studied in tissue specimens of 70 primary tumor lesions obtained from patients with carcinoma of the breast (41 patients), colon (8 patients), urinary bladder (8 patients), and kidney (13 patients), and in samples(More)
Genetic linkage analyses in human populations have traditionally combined male and female progeny for determination of quantitative trait loci (QTL). In contrast, most rodent studies have focused primarily on males. This study represents an extensive female-specific linkage analysis in which 236 neuroendocrine, renal, and cardiovascular traits related to(More)
Originally, comparative genomics was geared toward defining the synteny of genes between species. As the human genome project accelerated, there was an increase in the number of tools and means to make comparisons culminating in having the genomic sequence for a large number of organisms spanning the evolutionary tree. With this level of resolution and a(More)