Carol Moreno

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We show here that purified lipoarabinomannan (LAM) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis can cause the release of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) in vitro from human blood monocytes and activated mouse peritoneal macrophages, and the production of TNF in vivo in mice pretreated with Propionibacterium acnes, with a potency comparable to that of lipopolysaccharide(More)
BACKGROUND Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) rats exhibit many phenotypic traits associated with salt-sensitive hypertension in man. Specifically, they are salt-sensitive, insulin-resistant and hyperlipidemic. They also develop endothelial dysfunction, cardiac injury and glomerulosclerosis. Insulin resistance is linked to hypertension, renal and cardiac damage(More)
Lipoarabinomannan from Mycobacterium tuberculosis was able to inhibit antigen induced T cell proliferation of human CD4+ T cell clones specific for influenza virus. The inhibitory effect was also present when peripheral human T cells were stimulated with crude mycobacterial antigen extracts. Non-specific T cell stimulation, i.e. IL-2, PHA and anti-CD3(More)
The present study examined the effects of recombinant glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36)amide (rGLP-1) on renal hemodynamics and excretory function in innervated and denervated kidneys of anesthetized rats. Intravenous infusion of rGLP-1 at a dose of 1 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) increased urine flow and Na(+) excretion 13-fold in the innervated kidney. The(More)
Proliferation and cytokine production profiles by blood mononuclear cells in response to in vitro stimulation with mycobacterial antigens were compared in patients with active tuberculosis and in sensitized healthy controls. Interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) were detected at single-cell level using the ELISPOT assay. Patients showed(More)
Studies were designed to examine the hypothesis that the renal medulla of Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) rats has a reduced capacity to generate nitric oxide (NO), which diminishes the ability to buffer against the chronic hypertensive effects of small elevations of circulating ANG II. NO synthase (NOS) activity in the outer medulla of Dahl S rats(More)
Serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G responses to a variety of mycobacterial antigens were measured in children from the UK, in children with tuberculosis from Hyderabad, India and Dhaka, Bangladesh, classified according to whether the disease was disseminated or localized, and in non-tuberculous controls. Anti-lipoarabinomannan (LAM) IgG responses in UK children(More)
The proximal region of murine Chr 2 has long been known to harbour one or more imprinted genes from classic genetic studies involving reciprocal translocations. No imprinted gene had been identified from this region until our study demonstrated that the PcG gene Sfmbt2 is expressed from the paternally inherited allele in early embryos and extraembryonic(More)
The expression of monomorphic determinants of the histocompatibility leukocyte antigens (HLA) class I antigens by human malignant tumor cells was studied in tissue specimens of 70 primary tumor lesions obtained from patients with carcinoma of the breast (41 patients), colon (8 patients), urinary bladder (8 patients), and kidney (13 patients), and in samples(More)
We have examined the immunogenicity of complexes formed by non-covalent association of a synthetic peptide corresponding to influenza A virus nucleoprotein, residues 206-229 (pNP) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis heat-shock protein 70 (hsp 70). One or two injections of these complexes given to BALB/c mice without any additional adjuvant, were capable of(More)