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The Wharton Financial Institutions Center provides a multidisciplinary research approach to the problems and opportunities facing the financial services industry in its search for competitive excellence. The Center's research focuses on the issues related to managing risk at the firm level as well as ways to improve productivity and performance. The Center(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether or not a true primary repair, without myotomies and with the gastroesophageal junction below the diaphragm, can be accomplished across the esophageal atresia (EA) spectrum. Our hypothesis is that the esophageal anastomosis can withstand significant tension. The consequences, particularly for those patients with a very long gap(More)
High energy phosphate levels fall rapidly during cardiac ischemia and recover slowly (more than one week) during reperfusion. The slow recovery of ATP may reflect a lack of purine metabolic precursors and/or increased activity of purine catabolic enzymes such as 5'-nucleotidase (5'-NT, EC 3.1.3.5) and adenosine deaminase (ADA, EC 3.5.4.4). The activity of(More)
Intensive care units (ICUs) are major sites for medical errors and adverse events. Suboptimal outcomes reflect a widespread failure to implement care delivery systems that successfully address the complexity of modern ICUs. Whereas other industries have used information technologies to fundamentally improve operating efficiency and enhance safety, medicine(More)
The Wharton Financial Institutions Center provides a multidisciplinary research approach to the problems and opportunities facing the financial services industry in its search for competitive excellence. The Center's research focuses on the issues related to managing risk at the firm level as well as ways to improve productivity and performance. The Center(More)
We examine whether short-term financial reporting objectives related to executive compensation and employment horizons affect managers' decisions to undertake accelerated share repurchases (ASRs) versus open market repurchases (OMRs). In an ASR, the firm repurchases borrowed shares and simultaneously enters into a forward contract with an investment bank.(More)
and the 2004 American Accounting Association. We gratefully acknowledge the contribution of I/B/E/S Inc. for providing earnings per share forecast data, available though the Institutional Brokers Estimate System. I/B/E/S provides these data as part of a broad academic program to encourage earnings expectation research. Abstract Does using earnings(More)