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The purpose of this study was to examine whether embodied experiences with LEGO robotics can build elementary school students' understanding of and interest in science learning. Previous studies have shown that many children do not enjoy learning about science; they often find it very difficult to learn (Johnstone, 1991; Millar, 1991). We developed a(More)
Executive summary The extent to which health care providers cost shift-increase the price or markup charged to one group of patients in response to a decrease in another group's price or markup-has been the subject of extensive and long-standing policy debates. In practice, cost shifting means that purchasers of private health insurance effectively pay a(More)
Students' beliefs about a subject influence their comprehension and learning of that subject (Ornek et. al., 2008). Many students consider science as a difficult subject to learn. Therefore, this study explored a new way in helping elementary children understand abstract science concepts using embodiment, or physically moving their own bodies. Students(More)
  • Pantiphar Chantes, Apichai Chaiwinij, +22 authors Mark Barba
  • 2012
The current study explores the effects of drawing on children's understanding of narrative in developing multiple pedagogical agents to teach complex information. Specifically, the study investigates how multiple strategy characters (versus a single character) affect first graders' ability to utilize different addition strategies as well as progress towards(More)
Elementary school students often find science a complex subject to learn (Johnstone, 1991; Millar, 1991). Robotics have been used in previous studies to promote science learning as they provide students an environment to observe abstract concepts through the use of tangible, hands-on objects (Nagchaudhuri et al., 2002; Barker & Ansorge, 2007; Druin &(More)
Elementary school students were taught to use LEGO NXT Mindstorm, a programmable reconfigurable robot, to observe and learn abstract physics concepts. Students were asked to use instructional embodiment to help programming LEGO robotics in a series of activities that incorporate different physics concepts including force and mass, speed and distance, and(More)
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