Carol M Dutkowski

Learn More
This paper describes the establishment of an antiestrogen-resistant MCF7 breast cancer cell subline (FASMCF) by continuous culture of the estrogen-responsive parental line in steroid-depleted, ICI 182,780 (Faslodex; 10(-7) M)-supplemented medium. After a 3-month period of growth suppression, cells began to proliferate in ICI 182,780 at rates similar to(More)
Despite an initial response to antihormonal therapies, the development of resistance will occur in a significant number of breast cancer patients. The mechanisms that underlie acquired resistance are not yet clear. Using a previously established in vitro cell model of tamoxifen resistance in MCF7 cells, shown to display autocrine epidermal growth factor(More)
Upregulation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signalling in endocrine-resistant breast cancer (BC) has identified mTOR as an attractive target alongside anti-hormones to control resistance. RAD001 (everolimus/Afinitor®), an allosteric mTOR inhibitor, is proving valuable in this setting; however, some patients are inherently refractory or relapse during treatment requiring(More)
BACKGROUND The role of growth factors in prostate cell growth has been investigated as these peptides may be involved in the autonomous growth of hormone-independent prostate cancer. METHODS Responses of neoplastic (PC-3 and CPA) and non-neoplastic (CAPE) prostatic cell lines to epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transforming growth factor-alpha(More)
BACKGROUND Retinoic acid (RA) is recognized as an inhibitor of tumorigenesis, but conversely, has also been shown to act as a tumor enhancer, therefore its role in prostate tumor cell growth was investigated. METHODS The response of two human prostate tumor cell lines (PC-3 and DU-145), and cell lines derived from a well-differentiated canine prostate(More)
The effect of an EGF-R selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor ZM252868 was evaluated on the proliferation of PC-3 and DU-145 prostate cancer cell lines, which are purported to utilize an EGF-R-mediated autocrine pathway for regulation of cell growth. Basal growth of DU-145 cells was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by the inhibitor, showing a 70% reduction(More)
In the present study, we have taken the novel approach of using an in vitro model representative of tamoxifen-withdrawal subsequent to clinical relapse to achieve a greater understanding of the mechanisms that serve to maintain the resistant-cell phenotype, independent of any agonistic impact of tamoxifen, to identify potential novel therapeutic approaches(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of an EGF-R selective tyrosine kinase (EGF-RTK) quinazoline inhibitor ZM252868 was determined on the androgen-sensitive human prostatic tumour cell line LNCaP, which can also respond via the EGF-R-regulated growth pathway for cell proliferation. Potential interaction or 'cross-talk' between steroid and the growth factor(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) autophosphorylation is essential for its intracellular mitogenic signaling via the MAPK pathway and for interaction in other cellular processes. Inhibition of this activity in tumor cells that predominantly utilise EGF-R therefore offers an alternative approach to therapy. METHODS The ability of a(More)
Using MCF7 breast cancer cells, it has been shown that antihormones promote expression/activity of oestrogen-repressed tyrosine kinases, notably EGFR, HER2 and Src. These inductive events confer responsiveness to targeted inhibitors (e.g., gefitinib, trastuzumab, saracatinib). We observed that these antihormone-induced phenomena are common to ER+HER2- and(More)