Observers, searching for targets among distractor items, guide attention with a mix of top-down information--based on observers' knowledge--and bottom-up information--stimulus-based and largely independent of that knowledge. There are 2 types of top-down guidance: explicit information (e.g., verbal description) and implicit priming by preceding targets… (More)
Dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5HT) are reported to serve important roles in aggression in a wide variety of animals. Previous investigations of 5HT function in adult Drosophila behavior have relied on pharmacological manipulations, or on combinations of genetic tools that simultaneously target both DA and 5HT neurons. Here, we generated a transgenic line… (More)
Vygotskian perspectives on literacy research : constructing meaning through collaborative inquiry / edited by Carol D. Lee, Peter Smagorinsky. p. cm. – (Learning in doing) Chiefly based on papers presented at a conference entitled A Vygotsky centennial held 1996, Chicago, Ill. Includes bibliographical references.
We undertook this project to integrate context sensitive computer-based educational and decision making aids into the film interpretation and reporting process, and to determine the clinical utility of this method as a guide for further system development. An image database of 347 digital mammography images was assembled and image features were coded. An… (More)
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On December 2, 2015, a terror attack in the city of San Bernardino, California killed 14 Americans and injured 22 in the deadliest attack on U.S. soil since September 11, 2001. Although emergency personnel and law enforcement officials frequently deal with multi-casualty incidents (MCIs), what occurred that day required an unprecedented response. Most of… (More)
offers three orienting ideas drawn from across human development, neuroscience, cognition, and cultural psychology, as well as studies of biological systems: (1) the intertwining of culture and biology in human development, (2) adaptation through multiple pathways, and (3) interdependence across levels of context. The author argues that these orienting… (More)
Checklist 28 References 32 The Authors 36 3 A CKNOWLEDGMENTS We are grateful for the support of the National Science Foundation (NSF) (Award # 0354453), which enabled the LIFE Diversity Consensus Panel to carry out the work that led to this report. The opinions expressed in this report are those of the Panel members and should not be attributed to NSF. John… (More)