Carol Lawetz

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Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of respiratory illness in infants, immunocompromised patients, and the elderly. New antiviral agents would be important tools in the treatment of acute RSV disease. RSV encodes its own RNA-dependent RNA polymerase that is responsible for the synthesis of both genomic RNA and subgenomic mRNAs. The viral(More)
We have investigated protein-protein interactions among the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) RNA polymerase subunits using affinity chromatography. Here we demonstrate a novel interaction of P and M2-1 proteins. Phosphorylation of either M2-1 or P appears to be dispensable for this interaction. Internal deletions within P mapped the M2-1-binding domain to(More)
Faldaprevir (BI 201335) is a selective NS3/4A protease inhibitor under development for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. NS3/4A genotyping and NS3 protease phenotyping analyses were performed to monitor the emergence of resistance in patients with HCV genotype 1 infection receiving faldaprevir alone or combined with pegylated(More)
BILD 1351 SE is a selective peptidomimetic subunit association inhibitor of the herpes simplex virus (HSV) ribonucleotide reductase (RR) with potent antiviral activity both in cell culture assays and animal models of HSV disease. The ability of BILD 1351 SE to inhibit the replication of HSV-1 when used in combination with acyclovir (ACV) for the treatment(More)
The present study reports the activity of BILD 1633 SE against acyclovir (ACV)-resistant herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections in athymic nude (nu/nu) mice. BILD 1633 SE is a novel peptidomimetic inhibitor of HSV ribonucleotide reductase (RR). In vitro, it is more potent than ACV against several strains of wild-type as well as ACV-resistant HSV mutants. Its(More)
Previous studies have shown that herpes virus ribonucleotide reductase can be inhibited by a synthetic nonapeptide whose sequence is identical to the C-terminal of the small subunit of the enzyme. This peptide is able to interfere with normal subunit association that takes place through the C-terminal of the small subunit. In this report, we illustrate that(More)
RNA-dependent RNA polymerase from respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a multi-subunit ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex that, in addition to synthesizing the full 15 222 nt viral genomic RNA, is able to synthesize all 10 viral mRNAs. We have prepared crude RNP from RSV-infected HEp-2 cells, based on a method previously used for Newcastle disease virus, and(More)
The catalytic domain of herpes simplex virus protease was expressed in baculovirus-infected cells and purified in milligram quantities by ion-exchange and size-exclusion chromatography. The usefulness of this material was limited by the presence of a contaminating proteolytic activity, which caused time-dependent degradation of the protease. As a result we(More)
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