Carol L. Williams

Learn More
The hydrolysis of endocannabinoids has profound effects on the function of the endocannabinoid signaling system in the regulation of prostate carcinoma cells. Prostate carcinoma cells exhibit a wide range of hydrolysis activity for 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), the major endocannabinoid. However, enzyme(s) responsible for 2-AG hydrolysis and their(More)
The armadillo protein SmgGDS promotes guanine nucleotide exchange by small GTPases containing a C-terminal polybasic region (PBR), such as Rac1 and RhoA. Because the PBR resembles a nuclear localization signal (NLS) sequence, we investigated the nuclear transport of SmgGDS with Rac1 or RhoA. We show that the Rac1 PBR has significant NLS activity when it is(More)
We observed evolutionary conservation of canonical nuclear localization signal sequences (K(K/R)X(K/R)) in the C-terminal polybasic regions (PBRs) of some Rac and Rho isoforms. Canonical D-box sequences (RXXL), which target proteins for proteasome-mediated degradation, are also evolutionarily conserved near the PBRs of these small GTPases. We show that the(More)
Many small GTPases in the Ras and Rho families have a C-terminal polybasic region (PBR) comprised of multiple lysines or arginines. The PBR controls diverse functions of these small GTPases, including their ability to associate with membranes, interact with specific proteins, and localize in subcellular compartments. Different signaling pathways mediated by(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases, CYP2C8, 2C9 and 2J2 mRNA and proteins, were expressed in prostate carcinoma (PC-3, DU-145 and LNCaP) cells. 11,12-Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11,12-EET) was the major arachidonic acid metabolite in these cells. Blocking EET synthesis by a selective CYP epoxygenase inhibitor(More)
Agro-ecoregionalization is categorization of landscapes for use in crop suitability analysis, strategic agroeconomic development, risk analysis, and other purposes. Past agro-ecoregionalizations have been subjective, expert opinion driven, crop specific, and unsuitable for statistical extrapolation. Use of quantitative analytical methods provides an(More)
Metastasis is one of the most important factors responsible for the pathogenesis of small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). SCLC cells express cadherins, which are homophilic cell-cell adhesion molecules that play an important role in the regulation of metastasis. We present the first evidence that altering the activity of the small GTP-binding protein Rho(More)
We previously reported that activation of M(3) muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) generates anti-proliferative signals and stimulates cadherin-mediated adhesion in the SCC-9 small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cell line. The current study was undertaken to determine the frequency of functional mAChR expression among different SCLC cell lines, and to(More)
The small GTPase Rac1 regulates many cellular processes, including cytoskeletal reorganization, cell migration, proliferation, and survival. Additionally, Rac1 plays a major role in activating NF-κB-mediated transcription. Both Rac1 and NF-κB regulate many properties of the malignant phenotype, including anchorage-independent proliferation and survival,(More)
Although muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) regulate the activity of smooth muscle myosin, the effects of mAChR activation on cytoplasmic myosin have not been characterized. We found that activation of transfected human M3 mAChR induces the phosphorylation of myosin light chains (MLC) and the formation of myosin-containing stress fibers in Chinese(More)