Learn More
Antibodies producing an unusual immunofluorescent pattern were identified in the sera of patients with diverse autoimmune features. This pattern was characterized by the presence of up to six round discrete nuclear bodies in interphase cell nuclei. Immunoblotting analysis showed that these sera recognized an 80-kD nuclear protein, and affinity-purified(More)
Learning and memory depend critically on long-term synaptic plasticity, which requires neuronal gene expression. In the prevailing view, AMPA receptors mediate fast excitatory synaptic transmission and effect short-term plasticity, but they do not directly regulate neuronal gene expression. By studying regulation of Arc, a gene required for long-term(More)
Long-term memory relies on modulation of synaptic connections in response to experience. This plasticity involves trafficking of AMPA receptors (AMPAR) and alteration of spine morphology. Arc, a gene induced by synaptic activity, mediates the endocytosis of AMPA receptors and is required for both long-term and homeostatic plasticity. We found that Arc(More)
The immediate-early effector gene Arc/Arg3.1 is robustly upregulated by synaptic activity associated with learning and memory. Here we show in primary cortical neuron culture that diverse stimuli induce Arc expression through new transcription. Searching for regulatory regions important for Arc transcription, we found nine DNaseI-sensitive(More)
Sera from patients with scleroderma contained several autoantibodies to nuclear antigens which were distinguished by different patterns of nuclear immunofluorescence staining. One of these autoantibodies reacted with centromeric regions of chromosomes. In chromosome spreads, the staining appeared as two small spheres at the centromere, resembling(More)
We have identified and partially characterized autoantibodies from the sera of patients with interstitial cystitis. Our characterization included initial screening by antinuclear antibody testing on human HEp-2 cell substrate and mouse kidney/stomach tissue substrate, titering and subtyping of positive sera, and Western blotting to identify target(More)
To better define the genetic factors that predispose to primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS), we have used polymerase chain reaction in combination with oligonucleotide probe hybridization and DNA sequencing to analyze HLA-DRB1, -DQA1, -DQB1, and -DPB1 alleles in Caucasoid (California), Japanese (Tokyo), and Chinese (Shanghai and Beijing) SS patients. In(More)
Approximately 20% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and with anti-Sm autoantibodies synthesize autoantibodies, called anti-rRNP, to components of the ribosome. We found that anti-rRNP sera reacted predominantly with three ribosomal phosphoproteins of approximate Mr = 38,000, 16,000 and 15,000, both by immunoprecipitation and by immunoblotting.(More)
OBJECTIVE Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) are a serological hallmark of systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARD) such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). While a number of ANA patterns detected by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) have diagnostic significance, autoantibodies producing the dense fine speckled (DFS) pattern have been reported to be more(More)
A distinctive type of speckled antinuclear antibody staining pattern was identified by indirect immunofluorescence on mouse kidney substrate in 4.8% of 5,976 specimens analyzed for antinuclear antibodies. This pattern, termed variable large speckles (VLS), consisted of 3-10 nuclear speckles ranging in size from approximately 0.2-2.0 mu. The pattern could be(More)