Carol L. Danning

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OBJECTIVE Immunosuppressive agents have become the standard of therapy for proliferative lupus nephritis, but some patients may relapse after discontinuing treatment. We reviewed the cases of renal flares in a cohort of patients who participated in 2 randomized controlled clinical trials at the National Institutes of Health and explored the prevalence,(More)
BACKGROUND Controlled trials in lupus nephritis have demonstrated that cyclophosphamide therapy is superior to corticosteroid therapy alone. The long-term effectiveness and side-effect profiles of pulse immunosuppressive regimens warrant further study. OBJECTIVE To define the long-term risk and benefit of monthly treatment with boluses of(More)
In the human inflammatory myopathies (polymyositis and dermatomyositis), the early, widespread appearance of MHC class I on the surface of muscle cells and the occurrence of certain myositis-specific autoantibodies are striking features. We have used a controllable muscle-specific promoter system to up-regulate MHC class I in the skeletal muscles of young(More)
OBJECTIVE Monocyte-derived cytokines are important mediators in synovitis and represent novel therapeutic targets. This study was undertaken to analyze their expression in synovial membrane (SM) of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) compared with that in skin of patients with PsA and SM of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Multiple(More)
The mechanism of injury and death of muscle cells in the inflammatory myopathies (dermatomyositis, polymyositis, and inclusion body myositis) remains obscure. We and others have not detected apoptosis in the muscle biopsies from patients with myositis despite clear evidence of cell damage and loss. We provide evidence in this study that Fas ligand (FasL) as(More)
This report describes the case of a patient with multicentric reticulohistiocytosis. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed prominent markers of monocyte/macrophage origin, as well as the presence of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and IL-12; the occurrence of the latter in this disease has not previously been reported. Clinical,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of delta wave sleep interruption (DWSI) on pain thresholds and fibromyalgia-like symptoms. To examine the potential correlations between DWSI and serum insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). METHODS Thirteen healthy volunteers were subjected to 3 consecutive nights of DWSI (Group 1). Pain thresholds were measured by(More)
OBJECTIVE Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), especially the gelatinases (MMP2, MMP9), have been implicated in several features of inflammatory arthritis including angiogenesis and bone erosions. We examined the expression and activity of the gelatinases and their regulators in psoriatic skin and synovium using tissue immunohistochemistry and a sensitive(More)
Stat4 is a key transcription factor involved in promoting cell-mediated immunity, whose expression in mature cells has been reported to be restricted to T and NK cells. We demonstrate here, however, that Stat4 expression is not restricted to lymphoid cells. In their basal state, monocytes do not express Stat4. Upon activation, however, IFN-gamma- and(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain preliminary information on the safety and efficacy of fludarabine in PsA and analyse its immunomodulatory effects in peripheral blood and synovial tissue. METHODS 15 patients with active PsA who did not respond to DMARDs were randomly allocated to receive fludarabine every four weeks or placebo. Primary outcomes were the proportion of(More)