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We determined the utility of fast gradient echo techniques (modified Dixon method) in the assessment of hepatic fat content. Fast spoiled gradient echo was performed on bovine liver/corn oil homogenates with known fat fractions (FFE) to assess the accuracy of fat quantitation (FFMRI). The pulse sequence was manipulated via alterations in TE (echo time), TR(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFbeta1) is a major fibrogenic cytokine, the expression of which is increased in the livers of children with cystic fibrosis liver disease (CFLD) and in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with cystic fibrosis pulmonary disease (CFPD). The purpose of our study was to investigate the usefulness of(More)
In erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP), there is excessive production of protoporphyrin, primarily in the bone marrow, resulting in increased biliary excretion of this heme precursor. Some patients will develop progressive liver disease that may ultimately require liver transplantation. However, excessive production of protoporphyrin by the bone marrow(More)
OBJECTIVE National data suggest that pediatric percutaneous liver biopsy is increasingly being performed by interventional radiologists rather than pediatric gastroenterologists. The objective of the present report is to describe the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous liver biopsy performed by interventional radiologists in a large cohort of children(More)
BACKGROUND Correlation between clinical parameters and histology changes in cystic fibrosis liver disease has not been documented. The purpose of this study was to determine the histologic spectrum of cystic fibrosis liver disease and the degree to which a clinical scoring system can identify subjects with significant histologic abnormalities. METHODS We(More)
We describe a case of thrombocytopenia and deep venous thrombosis in a boy who received heparin to maintain patency of a central venous catheter. Measurement of the release of serotonin labeled with carbon 14 confirmed the presence of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Children receiving heparin therapy should be monitored for the possibility of(More)
Although several liver diseases of childhood, particularly biliary atresia (BA) and cystic fibrosis (CF) liver disease (CFLD) are characterized by hepatic fibrosis, the pathogenesis of this process is incompletely understood. The cytokine transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) has been implicated in hepatic fibrosis in experimental animals, in which(More)
A term infant had a life-threatening inferior venal caval thrombosis during the first 24 hours of life. The plasma from the infant and his mother was found to be resistant to activated protein C and to be heterozygous for the factor V mutation (FV Leiden) associated with this disorder. The presence of this hereditary disorder should be considered in infants(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The final step in bile acid synthesis involves conjugation with glycine and taurine, which promotes a high intraluminal micellar concentration to facilitate lipid absorption. We investigated the clinical, biochemical, molecular, and morphologic features of a genetic defect in bile acid conjugation in 10 pediatric patients with fat-soluble(More)