Carol J. Madden

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Recently developed accounts of language comprehension propose that sentences are understood by constructing a perceptual simulation of the events being described. These simulations involve the re-activation of patterns of brain activation that were formed during the comprehender's interaction with the world. In two experiments we explored the specificity of(More)
We investigated the relative contribution of perfective and imperfective aspectual cues on situation models. In Experiment 1, participants were more likely to choose pictures showing completed events than pictures showing ongoing events when they had read perfective sentences, but chose either picture after reading imperfective sentences. In Experiment 2,(More)
The effect of smoking urges on cognitive performance is relatively short-lived (R. A. Zwaan, R. A. Stanfield, & C. M. Madden, 2000). The authors examined whether this results from the short-lived nature of the elicited urge itself or from practice effects on the cognitive task. Smokers listened to 1 of 2 imagery scripts (urge vs. neutral) and subsequently(More)
We investigated the question of whether comprehenders mentally simulate a described situation even when this situation is explicitly negated in the sentence. In two experiments, participants read negative sentences such as There was no eagle in the sky, and subsequently responded to pictures of mentioned entities in the context of a recognition task.(More)
Several studies have provided empirical support for S. T. Tiffany's (1990) hypothesis that drug urges interfere with cognitive performance. The authors examined the persistence of this effect. Results from an experiment involving 48 smokers and 46 nonsmokers, using a paradigm developed by R. A. Zwaan and T. P. Truitt (1998), suggest that the effect of(More)
Eighty-two participants listened to sentences and then judged whether two sequentially presented visual objects were the same. On critical trials, participants heard a sentence describe the motion of a ball toward or away from the observer (e.g., “The pitcher hurled the softball to you”). Seven hundred and fifty milliseconds after the offset of the(More)
This article addresses issues in embodied sentence processing from a "cognitive neural systems" approach that combines analysis of the behavior in question, analysis of the known neurophysiological bases of this behavior, and the synthesis of a neuro-computational model of embodied sentence processing that can be applied to and tested in the context of(More)
Narrative descriptions of events often depart from how these events would have occurred in "real time." For example, narratives often contain time shifts in which events that are irrelevant to the plot are omitted. Zwaan (1996) has shown that these time shifts may affect on-line comprehension. Specifically, they are associated with increases in processing(More)