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There is a high prevalence of lameness among Standardbred trotters, most commonly caused by noninfectious joint diseases, mainly related to training and competition. In this context, impact-related shock waves transmitted through the skeleton and joints have been proposed to be one important factor in the development of osteoarthritis. The aim of the(More)
Lameness in athletic horses is often caused by forelimb tendon injuries, especially in the interosseus tendon (TI) and superficial digital flexor tendon (SDF), but also in the accessory ligament (AL) of the deep digital flexor tendon (DDF). In an attempt to explain the aetiology of these injuries, the present study investigated the loading of the tendons(More)
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY It is believed that the head-neck position (HNP) has specific effects on the loading pattern of the equine locomotor system, but very few quantitative data are available. OBJECTIVE To quantify the effects of 6 different HNPs on forelimb-hindlimb loading and underlying temporal changes. METHODS Vertical ground reaction forces(More)
There have been contradictory findings in the fragile X (fraX) literature about possible neurocognitive and psychological symptoms due to the fraX premutation (pM). The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between CGG repeat length and neurobehavioral functioning in carriers of the fraX pM. Eighty-five female carriers of the pM(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine kinematic movements of the vertebral column of horses during normal locomotion. ANIMALS 5 Dutch Warmblood horses without apparent lameness or problems associated with the vertebral column. PROCEDURE Kinematics of 8 vertebrae (T6, T10, T13, T17, L1, L3, L5, and S3) and both tuber coxae were determined, using bone-fixated markers.(More)
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY A common opinion among riders and in the literature is that the positioning of the head and neck influences the back of the horse, but this has not yet been measured objectively. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effect of head and neck position on the kinematics of the back in riding horses. METHODS Eight Warmblood riding horses(More)
The increasing range of of horseshoes and hoofpads makes it important to be able to evaluate their influence on performance and stress in the locomotor apparatus. The aim of this study was to describe the changes in ground reaction forces and locomotion pattern during the stance phase due to the application of a standard iron shoe. Six Swedish Warmblood(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine movements of the vertebral column of horses during normal locomotion. ANIMALS 5 young Dutch Warmblood horses that did not have signs of back problems or lameness. PROCEDURE Kinematics of 8 vertebrae (T6, T10, T13, T17, L1, L3, L5, and S3) and both tuber coxae were determined, using bone-fixated markers. Measurements were recorded(More)
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY Little is known in quantitative terms about the influence of different head-neck positions (HNPs) on the loading pattern of the locomotor apparatus. Therefore it is difficult to predict whether a specific riding technique is beneficial for the horse or if it may increase the risk for injury. OBJECTIVE To improve the(More)