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CONTEXT Recent large-scale genome-wide association studies identified novel genetic variants associated with obesity and body mass index (BMI) in addition to the well-described FTO and MC4R genetic variants. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to examine 13 previously reported obesity and/or BMI-associated loci for associations with obesity in Chinese. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Adipocyte-fatty acid binding protein (A-FABP), a major cytoplasmic protein in adipocytes, plays a central role in the development of diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in experimental animals. We have previously shown that A-FABP is present in the bloodstream and that its circulating levels correlate with metabolic risk factors(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) is abundantly expressed in adipocytes and plays a role in glucose homeostasis in experimental animals. We have previously shown that circulating A-FABP levels are associated with the metabolic syndrome, which confers an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Here we investigated whether serum A-FABP levels(More)
OBJECTIVE Serum levels of fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21), a metabolic hormone, have been shown to be elevated in subjects with adverse lipid profiles, obesity, metabolic syndrome, impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Recently, elevated serum FGF21 levels have also been reported in subjects with coronary heart disease(More)
Polymorphisms of the gene encoding adiponectin (ADIPOQ) have previously been associated with type 2 diabetes in Europid and Japanese subjects, but not in Pima Indians. The aim of this study was to determine the contribution made by ADIPOQ gene variants to glycaemic status in southern Chinese individuals. Sixty unrelated subjects were screened for(More)
OBJECTIVE Human resistin gene (RETN) polymorphisms have been found to be associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), insulin resistance and/or obesity. We evaluated, in a 5-year prospective study, whether RETN polymorphisms could predict the progression of glycaemia in southern Chinese. DESIGN AND PATIENTS We conducted a systematic search for variants in RETN(More)
Low circulating levels of adiponectin, an adipokine with insulin-sensitizing, antiatherogenic, and anti-inflammatory properties, are found in hypertensive patients. Adiponectin replenishment ameliorated hypertension in adiponectin-deficient mice or obese, hypertensive mice with hypoadiponectinemia, suggesting an etiologic role of adiponectin in(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) has been shown to be an important player in atherosclerosis in animal models. However, the clinical relevance of these findings is still unknown. This study aims to examine the relationship between serum A-FABP level and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), an indicator of atherosclerosis in humans.(More)
Blood lipids are important risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD). Here we perform an exome-wide association study by genotyping 12,685 Chinese, using a custom Illumina HumanExome BeadChip, to identify additional loci influencing lipid levels. Single-variant association analysis on 65,671 single nucleotide polymorphisms reveals 19 loci associated(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) levels have been suggested, from cross-sectional studies, as an indicator of subclinical diabetic nephropathy. We investigated whether serum FGF21 was predictive of the development of diabetic nephropathy. METHOD Baseline serum FGF21 levels were measured in 1136 Chinese type 2 diabetic subjects(More)