Carol H. Flowers

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This study was undertaken to evaluate the role of serum transferrin receptor measurements in the assessment of iron status. Repeated phlebotomies were performed in 14 normal volunteer subjects to obtain varying degrees of iron deficiency. Serial measurements of serum iron, total iron-binding capacity, mean cell volume (MCV), free erythrocyte protoporphyrin(More)
The present study was undertaken to assess the feasibility of using ferritin and transferrin receptor measurements on dried capillary blood spots to identify iron deficiency (ID) in public health surveys. Measurements on serum and blood spots prepared from venous blood were performed in 71 healthy subjects, 41 of whom were iron-replete and 30 who had ID,(More)
Monoclonal antibody reagents were used to develop a sensitive enzyme-linked immunoassay for clinical measurement of circulating transferrin receptor. By using transferrin-bound receptor for the preparation of the immunologic reagents, we developed an assay that gives an identical dose-response curve with either free or transferrin-bound receptor. The mean(More)
Extracellular iron, which is predominantly bound by transferrin, is present in low concentrations within alveolar structures, and concentrations are increased in various pulmonary disorders. Iron accumulation by cells can promote oxidative injury. However, the synthesis of ferritin stimulated by metal exposure for intracellular iron storage is normally(More)
The quantitative assessment of body iron based on measurements of the serum ferritin and transferrin receptor was used to examine iron status in 800 Bolivian mothers and one of their children younger than 5 years. The survey included populations living at altitudes between 156 to 3750 m. Body iron stores in the mothers averaged 3.88 +/- 4.31 mg/kg (mean +/-(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using specific monoclonal antibodies was used to measure circulating transferrin receptor (TR) in 87 patients with various hematologic malignancies. The mean serum TR was significantly elevated in patients with myeloproliferative disorders (15.47 +/- 12.54 micrograms/ml), whereas there were no differences in chronic(More)
Extracellular iron present in alveolar structures may contribute to oxidative lung injury induced by toxic mineral dusts by enhancing dust-induced generation of hydroxyl radicals. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) can sequester iron within ferritin and limit generation of hydroxyl radicals. In the current study we sought to assess whether AMs accumulate iron and(More)
This study was undertaken to assess the relationship between iron absorption and the concentration of duodenal iron proteins in normal subjects and patients with idiopathic hemochromatosis (IH). Biopsies were obtained endoscopically from the duodenum in 17 normal subjects, 3 of whom were mildly iron deficient, and 7 patients with untreated IH. The(More)