Carol E Watkins

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While the real relationship has long been addressed in psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, the matter of the real relationship in psychotherapy supervision has yet to receive any attention. Ample supervisory focus has indeed been given to the working alliance and transference-countertransference configuration (including parallel processes), but after a(More)
This study explored whether a relationship exists between anger among Black adolescents that has been provoked by racial discrimination, and alcohol consumption. Participants consisted of 134 Black adolescents from 14 to 18 years of age, residing in northeast Texas. All participants were administered a questionnaire measuring whether and the extent to which(More)
Corresponding to the four stages of the SCM, supervision environments/behaviors--which could be used to guide thinking about the supervision of psychotherapy supervisor trainees--have been proposed and described. The supervision environments are designed to match the particular needs of psychotherapy supervisors at the four SCM stages. From this presented(More)
This paper identifies and discusses 10 broad-based themes or conclusions that could be drawn about the field of psychotherapy supervision now. These conclusions focus on various facets of clinical supervision theory, research, and practice; in so doing, they bring to light current supervision issues, problems, advances, and needs that seemingly merit our(More)
Perinatal transmission and reproductive decisions of HIV-infected women can be categorized in statistical and epidemiological terms. These reports and figures, however, do little to fully explain the complexities of human relationships, life experiences, personal and cultural influences, and situational and environmental variables that impact on the(More)
Fifty mentally retarded adults were administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) on two separate occasions, with the mean amount of time between testings being 2 years, 8 months. The data were examined in an effort to study the test-retest reliability and stability of the WAIS-R with the mentally retarded. Based on correlational,(More)
Over the course of psychotherapy supervision history, the supervisor-supervisee alliance has increasingly emerged as a variable of preeminent importance in the conceptualization and conduct of the supervision experience: It has come to be embraced as the very heart and soul of supervision. But after a half century, what evidence do we actually have to(More)
Comments on the original article by Christopher et al. (see record 2014-20055-001) regarding cultural and folk psychologies. As noted by Christopher, Wendt, Marecek, and Goodman (2014), "U.S. psychology remains not only overwhelmingly U.S.- centric but also largely unaware of how its cultural roots shape theory and research.
Psychoanalytic supervision is moving well into its 2nd century of theory, practice, and (to a limited extent) research. In this paper, I take a look at the pioneering first efforts to define psychoanalytic supervision and its importance to the psychoanalytic education process. Max Eitingon, the "almost forgotten man" of psychoanalysis, looms large in any(More)
What are some of the most pressing needs currently confronting clinical supervision? In this paper, I give attention to that question. Drawing on two 1990 reviews for comparative purposes, I examine where supervision is now relative to four areas: (a) supervision training and practice; (b) measurement; (c) difference and diversity; and (d) research. Lines(More)