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The ability to detect methylation changes associated with oncogenic transformation is of critical importance in understanding how DNA methylation may contribute to tumorigenesis. We have developed a simple and reproducible fingerprinting method called methylation-sensitive arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (AP-PCR) to screen for DNA methylation(More)
The mechanisms underlying the de novo methylation of CpG islands in human cancer remain almost completely unknown. We used a methylation-sensitive arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (Ms AP-PCR) technique to scan genomic DNA for differential methylation patterns and identified a 550 bp band that was hypermethylated in a majority of colon and(More)
Most investigations on the role of DNA methylation in cancer have focused on epigenetic changes associated with known tumor suppressor genes. This may have led to an underestimation of the number of CpG islands altered by DNA methylation, since it is possible that a subset of unknown genes relevant to cancer development may preferentially be affected by(More)
A rising level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), after primary surgery or radiation therapy, is the hallmark of recurrent prostate cancer and is often the earliest sign of extraprostatic spread in patients who are otherwise asymptomatic. While hormonal therapy may slightly extend survival in a minority of patients, it is not curative and produces side(More)
We conducted a quantitative analysis of the extent of de novo methylation of four CpG islands in human urinary transitional cell carcinomas of different stages and grades to determine how frequently these CpG islands became methylated in transition cell carcinomas during progression. The CpG islands included exon 5 of PAX6, exon 2 of p16, the 5' end of the(More)
Prostate cancer is a disease associated with androgens. It has been hypothesized that reducing the conversion of testosterone (T) to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the prostate by the use of the drug finasteride, a 5alpha-reductase inhibitor, will reduce the incidence of prostate cancer. We investigated the chemopreventive potential of finasteride by(More)
PURPOSE We determined the extent of p53 immunoreactivity in pathological stage C prostate cancer as well as its correlation to tumor grade, substage, recurrence and proliferation rate. To define better the temporal relationship of p53 nuclear reactivity in prostate cancer p53 immunoreactivity was evaluated in all associated prostatic intraepithelial(More)
OBJECTIVES To report our experience using Image-Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT) in patients undergoing post-prostatectomy irradiation. METHODS Twenty-six patients were treated with radiotherapy following radical prostatectomy using Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT). Prostate bed localization was done using image guidance to align surgical clips(More)
PURPOSE SLN identification could improve the pathological staging of prostate cancer. Prior SLN studies have been compromised by delayed radiotracer uptake rates and significant diffusion rates out of the sentinel nodes. Lymphoseek is a new radiopharmaceutical specifically designed for SLN mapping. It shows rapid and sustained SLN uptake. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Minimally invasive surgery and sentinel node mapping are being utilized increasingly in colon cancer surgery. Making these techniques efficient and easy to perform will be essential for the future of this and other gastrointestinal operations. The purpose of this study was to test a new laparoscopic gamma detection probe for minimally invasive(More)