Carol E Resnick

Learn More
A relatively large body of evidence now appears to support the existence of the essential ingredients for novel intraovarian IGF-driven control mechanisms. Indeed, evidence presented in this communication is in keeping with the possibility that the granulosa cell may be the site of IGF production, reception, and action. Although the relevance of IGFs to(More)
Current views favor the notion that resident ovarian macrophages play an in situ role in the regulation of ovarian function through the local secretion of regulatory molecule(s) (i.e., cytokines). Herein we report on the potential ovarian relevance of one such macrophage product, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, a polypeptide capable of oncolytic as well(More)
Endothelins (ETs) are a family of vasoactive peptides that may be involved in granulosa cell (GC) luteinization or follicular maturation. However, the precise role of ET in ovarian physiology remains unknown. We have investigated whether the rat GC is a site of ET reception and have characterized the antigonadotropic effect of ET in cultured GC from(More)
Both insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-II have been shown to promote granulosa cell differentiation and proliferation. While both type I and type II IGF receptors have been observed in rat granulosa cells, the identity of the IGF receptor type(s) mediating IGF hormonal action remains uncertain. Whereas the role of the rat type I IGF receptor(More)
Most but not all of the established insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) are expressed in the rat ovary. To continue the process of characterizing these ovarian IGFBPs, a solution hybridization/RNase protection assay was used to study IGFBP-6 gene expression, cellular localization, and hormonal regulation in the immature rat ovary. Total RNA(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial cell mitogen and permeability factor the role of which in ovarian angiogenesis has been the subject of increasing interest. It was the objective of this communication to explore the possibility that interleukin (IL)-1 may regulate the in vitro expression of rat ovarian VEGF mRNA, as well as to(More)
A large body of information now supports the existence of a complete intraovarian insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system replete with ligands, receptors, and binding proteins. Although much remains to be learned, the emerging consensus would suggest that the intraovarian IGF system is concerned largely with the amplification of gonadotrophin hormonal(More)
This communication explores the possibility that interleukin (IL)-1beta, a putative intermediary in the ovulatory process, may take part in the gonadotropin-driven midcycle diversion of ovarian carbohydrate metabolism toward glycolysis. We examined the effect of treatment with IL-1beta on glucose metabolism in aerobically cultured whole ovarian dispersates(More)
The ovarian granulosa cell has previously been shown to be a site of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) I production, reception, and action. It is the objective of this study to characterize in greater detail the soluble IGF binding activity released by this cell type. To this end, use was made of granulosa cells from immature diethylstilbestrol-treated rats.(More)
An increasing body of information now suggests that insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding proteins (BPs) may serve as antigonadotropins at the level of the ovary. It is the objective of the present communication to evaluate the functional role of endogenous (granulosa cell-derived) IGFBPs by exploiting the unique properties of des(1-3)IGF-I, a naturally(More)