Carol D. Swartz

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BACKGROUND Titanium dioxide is a widely used nanomaterial whose photo-reactivity suggests that it could damage biological targets (e.g., brain) through oxidative stress (OS). OBJECTIVES Brain cultures of immortalized mouse microglia (BV2), rat dopaminergic (DA) neurons (N27), and primary cultures of embryonic rat striatum, were exposed to Degussa P25, a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the associations of race, age and body mass index (BMI) with the gross pathology parameters of uterine leiomyomas in premenopausal women undergoing hysterectomy or myomectomy. STUDY DESIGN Participants (N = 107) were recruited from surgical rosters of the George Washington University (GWU) Medical Center Gynecology Department as(More)
Clonidine hydrochloride is a sympathetic inhibitor with central site of action. The antihypertensive effect in man in the supine position is -associated with a decrease in cardiac output and no consistent changes in total peripheral resistance. In the standing position, however, in addition to the decrease in cardiac output, a fall in total peripheral(More)
Toxicogenomics is proposed to be a useful tool in human health risk assessment. However, a systematic comparison of traditional risk assessment approaches with those applying toxicogenomics has never been done. We conducted a case study to evaluate the utility of toxicogenomics in the risk assessment of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), a well-studied carcinogen, for(More)
Many studies have implicated numerous hormones, growth factors, cytokines and other signal transduction molecules in the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyoma. Estrogen and estrogen-related genes are thought to play a key role in the growth of uterine leiomyomas, but the molecular mechanisms are unclear. In an attempt to investigate various pathways that might(More)
To determine the validity of endogenous creatinine clearance as a measure of glomerular filtration rate in patients with renal disease 308 simultaneous determinations of inulin clearance and endogenous creatinine clearance were reviewed and analysed. The ratio of creatinine clearance/inulin clearance increased progressively with the decline in inulin(More)
PURPOSE Normal tissue tolerance of boron neutron capture irradiation using borocaptate sodium (NA2B12H11SH) in an epithermal neutron beam was studied. METHODS AND MATERIALS Large retriever-type dogs were used and the irradiations were performed by single dose, 5 x 10 dorsal portal. Fourteen dogs were irradiated with the epithermal neutron beam alone and(More)
In vitro model systems for studying uterine leiomyomas are limited in that human-derived leiomyoma cells grow poorly in culture compared with normal myometrial cells and begin to senesce early, at approximately passage 10 in our studies. To our knowledge, a good in vitro human-derived cell culturing system for leiomyomas does not exist. In an attempt to(More)