Carol C Irwin

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Individual gangliosides were extracted and quantified from intact and subregionally dissected hippocampal formations during the first 3 weeks of postnatal development in the rat. The 4 major gangliosides were all found to be rapidly increasing relative to brain weight prior to the onset of significant synaptogenesis, but quantitative changes in the final(More)
This study examined the impact of a 12-wk. sport stacking intervention on reaction time (RT), manual dexterity, and hand-eye coordination in elementary school-aged children. 80 Grade 2 students participated in a 15-min. sport stacking practice session every school day for 12 wk., and were tested on psychomotor performance improvement. Tests for choice RT,(More)
Qualitative aspects of protein synthesis in organelles and intact cultured cells of brain origin were compared to clarify the distinction between synaptosomal and mitochondrial protein synthesis. Brain mitochondria and synaptosomes were isolated either on a traditional Ficoll-sucrose gradient or by a new Percoll gradient procedure, and were incubated in an(More)
To determine absolute and relative (adjusted for body mass) strength, mean power, and mean velocity for upper and lower body resistance exercises, forty-seven young boys and girls participated in maximal strength testing. Healthy young boys and girls, ages 3- to 7-years old, were tested for one-repetition maximum (1-RM) strength, and 70% of 1-RM to(More)
Huntington's disease is generally considered to be a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder, which follows a protracted course of deteriorating motor control and cognitive impairment. However, in a minority of cases, the onset of symptoms occurs early in life. A preponderance of the juvenile-onset HD victims have inherited the genetic defect from their(More)
Monosialogangliosides were extracted from the retinas and optic tecta of chick embryos at 6-12 days of incubation, and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The dominant monosialoganglioside was found to be N-acetylgalactosaminyl (N-acetylneuraminyl) galactosylglucosylceramide (GM2). The specific concentration of GM2 in both the retina and(More)
1. Ganglioside patterns were analyzed from four neural tissues (medulla, midbrain, forebrain and retina) in a representative from each of the four tetrapod classes. 2. Regional variations in ganglioside patterns were noted within some species, but differences were greater across phylogenetic lines. 3. These results suggest that evolutionary history plays a(More)
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