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Receptors coupled to heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) activate phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2)-hydrolyzing phospholipase C (PLC) enzymes by activated alpha of free beta gamma subunits of the relevant G proteins. To study whether low molecular weight G proteins of the Rho family are involved in receptor(More)
Rho proteins have been reported to activate phospholipase D (PLD) in in vitro preparations. To examine the role of Rho proteins in receptor signaling to PLD, we studied the effect of Clostridium difficile toxin B, which glucosylates Rho proteins, on the regulation of PLD activity in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells stably expressing the m3 muscarinic(More)
BACKGROUND Virus inactivation procedures are used to prevent contamination of plasma-derived blood products with viruses. Pasteurization or prolonged dry heat has proven effective against several enveloped and nonenveloped viruses and provides an additional layer of safety for plasma products. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS The resistance of porcine circovirus(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The risk of haemophiliacs contracting variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) via treatment with factor VIII concentrates is not known. Therefore, in order to determine the extent to which the vCJD agent might be removed during the preparation of factor VIII concentrate, the partitioning of a bovine spongiform encephalopathy(More)
BACKGROUND Cell therapy is an emerging and exciting novel treatment option for cardiovascular disease that relies on the delivery of functional cells to their target site. Monitoring and tracking cells to ensure tissue delivery and engraftment is a critical step in establishing clinical and therapeutic efficacy. The study aims were (1) to develop a Good(More)
Bone allografts are commonly used in a variety of surgical procedures, to reconstruct lost bone stock and to provide mechanical support during the healing process. Due to concerns regarding the possibility of disease transmission from donor to recipient, and of contamination of grafts during retrieval and processing procedures, it is common practice to(More)
Activation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells stably expressing the human m3 subtype leads to stimulation of both phospholipase C (PLC) and D (PLD). mAChR-stimulated PLD was turned off after 2 min of receptor activation with either the full (carbachol) or partial agonist (pilocarpine) and remained completely(More)
We have compared muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) coupling to phospholipase C (PLC) and increases in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration [Ca2+]i in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells, stably expressing either the human m3 or m2 receptor subtype. In m3 mAChR-expressing cells, carbachol stimulated inositol phosphate (InsP) formation and increased [Ca2+]i(More)
The ability of ultraviolet (UV) light to inactivate viruses is well established. However, attempts to apply this to the manufacture of pharmaceutical proteins have been limited by incomplete treatment, low capacity or excessive dilution. Effective processing of large-scale batches of UV-opaque protein solutions has been achieved using a continuous-flow(More)
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