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Herein we describe a novel series of compounds from which varenicline (1, 6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-6,10-methano-6H-pyrazino[2,3-h][3]benzazepine) has been identified for smoking cessation. Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) mediate the dependence-producing effects of nicotine. We have pursued alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor partial agonists to(More)
The preparation and biological activity of analogs of (-)-cytisine, an alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor partial agonist, are discussed. All-carbon-containing phenyl ring replacements of the pyridone ring system, generated via Heck cyclization protocols, exhibited weaker affinity and lower efficacy partial agonist profiles relative to (-)-cytisine. In vivo,(More)
3,5-Bicyclic aryl piperidines are a new class of high-affinity alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor agents. We have sought nicotinic receptor partial agonists of the alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor for smoking cessation, and a number of compounds fulfill potency, selectivity, and efficacy requirements in vitro. In vivo, selected agents demonstrate(More)
Ifenprodil (1) represents a new class of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist. This drug also possesses potent activity at several other brain receptors (most notably alpha 1 adrenergic receptors). We have prepared the enantiomers and diastereomers of ifenprodil along with a series of partial structures in order to explore the basic structure activity(More)
A novel fused tricyclic analog (11) of cytisine has been prepared (coined 'cyfusine') and determined to have high affinity at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. A [3+2] cycloaddition protocol permitted entry into a 3,4-differentially difunctionalized dihydropyrrole (7). The penultimate cyclization was accomplished using the modified Van Tamelen(More)
A rising concern among clinicians is treatment of unplanned weight loss in the elderly, especially given the predicted growth of this population over the next few decades. Unexpected weight loss in the geriatric patient worsens overall health outcomes. A variety of pharmacotherapeutic options are available for treatment; however, evidence underlying their(More)
A series of rotationally restricted phenolic analogs of the neurotransmitter serotonin has been synthesized with the 5-hydroxyindole portion of serotonin replaced by a dihydropyrano[3,2-e]-indole (1, 3, 4, and 5) and a dihydropyrano[2,3-f]indole (2). The receptor binding profile of these compounds has been studied and compared to the natural substrate(More)
Utilizing structure-based virtual library design and scoring, a novel chimeric series of phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) inhibitors was discovered by synergizing binding site interactions and ADME properties of two chemotypes. Virtual libraries were docked and scored for potential binding ability, followed by visual inspection to prioritize analogs for(More)