Carol B. Bernard

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2,3-Dihydro-2-(4'-hydroxyphenyl)-3-methyl-5(E)-propenylbenzofuran (conocarpan) (1), 2-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-3-methyl-5(E)- propenylbenzofuran (eupomatenoid-5) (2), and 2-(4'- hydroxyphenyl)-3-methyl-5(E)-propenylbenzofuran (eupomatenoid-6) (3), three known neolignans found for the first time in a species of the Piperaceae, were isolated from Piper(More)
The CHCl3-soluble extract of Piper guanacastensis (Piperaceae) was found to have noteworthy insecticidal activity to Aedes atropalpus mosquito larvae (LC50 80.5 micrograms/mL). Bioassay-guided fractionation afforded methyl 4-hydroxy-3-(3'-methyl-2'-butenyl)benzoate (1) as the major bioactive constituent (LC50 20.5 micrograms/mL). The separation of compound(More)
Insecticidal and growth-reducing properties of extracts of 14 species of American neotropical Piperaceae were investigated by inclusion in diets of a polyphagous lepidopteran, the European corn borer,Ostrinia nubilalis. Nutritional indices suggested most extracts acted by postdigestive toxicity.Piper aduncum, P. tuberculatum, andP. decurrens were among the(More)
Synergists have been used commercially for about 50 years and have contributed significantly to improve the efficacy of insecticides, particularly when problems of resistance have arisen. In the current article we review the nature, mode of action, role in resistance management, natural occurrence, and significance in research of insecticide synergists.(More)
To examine the role of self-appraised problem-solving ability in the prediction of psychosocial impairment, depression, hopelessness, average pain unpleasantness, and current pain ratings among persons with chronic low-back pain. A second purpose was to enhance theoretical understanding of the mechanisms by which problem-solving appraisal influences(More)
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