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We have identified a mutation in the myotilin gene in a large North American family of German descent expressing an autosomal dominant form of limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD1A). We have previously mapped this gene to 5q31. Symptoms of this adult onset disease are progressive weakness of the hip and shoulder girdles, as well as a distinctive dysarthric(More)
Chronic myelogeneous leukemia (CML) is genetically characterized by fusion of the bcr and abl genes on chromosomes 22 and 9, respectively. In most cases, the fusion involves a reciprocal translocation t(9;22)(q34;q11), which produces the cytogenetically distinctive Philadelphia chromosome (Ph1). Fusion can be detected by Southern (DNA) analysis or by in(More)
The Philadelphia (Ph1) chromosome, or its molecular counterpart, the BCR-ABL fusion gene, is a rare but important prognostic indicator in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but its impact on adult ALL has not been well ascertained. A prospective study of the BCR-ABL fusion gene was begun on patients entered on clinical trials conducted by the(More)
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) is a diagnostic classification encompassing a broad group of proximal myopathies. A gene for the dominant form of LGMD (LGMD1A) has recently been localized to a 7-cM region of chromosome 5q between D5S178 and IL9. We studied three additional dominant LGMD families for linkage to these two markers and excluded all from(More)
The feasibility of using molecular hybridization techniques for the detection of malignant clones that contain numerical chromosomal abnormalities was tested in clinical specimens from patients who had hematologic malignancies. A biotinylated DNA probe specific for chromosome 9 was used for in situ hybridization to interphase and terminally differentiated(More)
Loss of a whole chromosome 5 or a deletion of its long arm (5q) is a recurring abnormality in malignant myeloid neoplasms. To determine the location of genes on 5q that may be involved in leukemogenesis, we examined the deleted chromosome 5 homologs in a series of 135 patients with malignant myeloid diseases. By comparing the breakpoints, we identified a(More)
Human mortalin (HSPA9) was originally identified by its close homology to murine mortalins, which play important roles in cellular senescence. The two murine genes, mot-1 and mot-2, differ in only two amino acid residues, but have opposite functions in cellular immortalization. HSPA9 was recently localized to chromosome 5, band q31, a region that is(More)
Interstitial deletion or loss of chromosome 5 is frequent in malignant myeloid disorders, including myelodysplasia (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), suggesting the presence of a tumor suppressor gene. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis was used to define a minimal deletion interval for this gene. Polymorphic markers on 5q31 were identified using a(More)
BACKGROUND The syndrome of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) can be diagnosed fairly accurately using clinical criteria and a family history. Identifying HNPCC helps to prevent large-bowel cancer, or allows cancer to be treated at an early stage. Once the syndrome has been diagnosed a family member's risk can be judged approximately from a(More)
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1A (LGMD1A) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by progressive weakness of the hip and shoulder girdle. The gene for LGMD1A had been localized to a 7-cM interval at 5q31 in a single large family (Family 39). To refine the localization of LGMD1A further and to aid in its identification, a high-resolution(More)