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We have identified a mutation in the myotilin gene in a large North American family of German descent expressing an autosomal dominant form of limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD1A). We have previously mapped this gene to 5q31. Symptoms of this adult onset disease are progressive weakness of the hip and shoulder girdles, as well as a distinctive dysarthric(More)
Chronic myelogeneous leukemia (CML) is genetically characterized by fusion of the bcr and abl genes on chromosomes 22 and 9, respectively. In most cases, the fusion involves a reciprocal translocation t(9;22)(q34;q11), which produces the cytogenetically distinctive Philadelphia chromosome (Ph1). Fusion can be detected by Southern (DNA) analysis or by in(More)
Erythropoietin is the primary physiological regulator of erythropoiesis; however, in vitro studies have identified another class of mediators which appear to be important in stimulating erythroid progenitors. These factors have generally been referred to as burst-promoting activities (BPA), because they stimulate the growth of early erythroid progenitors(More)
We have previously described a patient in whom the breakpoint occurred within the first intron of the BCR gene and have cloned the 9q+ and 22q- junctions. We have now determined the nucleotide sequence around the breakpoints on both translocation products from this patient as well as the corresponding regions from the normal chromosomes 9 and 22. We have(More)
The feasibility of using molecular hybridization techniques for the detection of malignant clones that contain numerical chromosomal abnormalities was tested in clinical specimens from patients who had hematologic malignancies. A biotinylated DNA probe specific for chromosome 9 was used for in situ hybridization to interphase and terminally differentiated(More)
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) is a diagnostic classification encompassing a broad group of proximal myopathies. A gene for the dominant form of LGMD (LGMD1A) has recently been localized to a 7-cM region of chromosome 5q between D5S178 and IL9. We studied three additional dominant LGMD families for linkage to these two markers and excluded all from(More)
Gelsolin is a plasma and cytoskeletal protein that severs actin filaments and is regulated by both Ca+2 and polyphosphoinositides. The two forms of gelsolin are encoded by a single gene and derived through alternative message splicing. By Southern blot analysis of somatic cell hybrids and in situ chromosomal localization, we demonstrate that the gelsolin(More)
Patients with HCL are subject to a variety of medical problems. Many of these complications are caused by the cytopenias and splenomegaly produced by proliferating neoplastic cells. Infection is a common cause of morbidity in HCL, but it is not clear whether there is an inherent defect in the immune system. The incidence of infection is related to(More)
We examined tissue extracted from 19 gastric, 7 pancreatic, and 23 colorectal carcinoma specimens to determine the comparative incidence of allele loss on chromosomes 5, 17, and 18 and that of KRAS2 point mutations. Chromosome 5 allele loss occurred at the same frequency in all three gastrointestinal tumors (approximately 30%), whereas chromosome 17 and 18(More)
The Philadelphia (Ph1) chromosome, or its molecular counterpart, the BCR-ABL fusion gene, is a rare but important prognostic indicator in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but its impact on adult ALL has not been well ascertained. A prospective study of the BCR-ABL fusion gene was begun on patients entered on clinical trials conducted by the(More)