Carol A Sedlak

Learn More
BACKGROUND Osteoporosis prevention behaviors (OPBs) can prevent and delay bone deterioration; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan can identify osteoporosis and provide personal osteoporosis risk information that may promote prevention behaviors. OBJECTIVES This study was designed to estimate relationships between receiving personal knowledge of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this pilot study was to determine if tailored nursing interventions based on personal knowledge of bone mineral density from a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry cause increases in knowledge of osteoporosis, health beliefs, or osteoporosis-prevention behaviors in postmenopausal women 50-65 years of age, 6 months after the intervention.(More)
PURPOSE To assess whether young women who participate in an osteoporosis prevention program based on the Health Belief (Rosenstock, 1966) and Self-Efficacy Models (Bandura, 1977) demonstrate higher levels of knowledge regarding osteoporosis prevention than young women who do not participate in such a program. DESIGN A classic experimental design with one(More)
This longitudinal study evaluates the effect of bone mineral density screening on calcium intake and daily exercise of 196 healthy men older than 50 years over a period of 1 year. In this randomized clinical trial, the experimental group received personal bone density information via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The men completed measures(More)
Healthcare consumers are entitled to culturally competent care. Therefore, nursing curricula need to include cultural content and student nurses and faculty members need to be culturally competent. The purpose of the study was to describe cultural competence of students and faculty at a college of nursing and to discuss the implications for nursing(More)
Osteoporosis is an age related metabolic disease that primarily affects women and causes bone demineralization that results in fractures. Early identification of risk factors for osteoporosis and development of prevention programs is needed to halt the increasing incidence of the disease. Public health nurses (PHNs), with their emphasis on primary,(More)
OBJECTIVE This experimental longitudinal study was designed to examine the relationship between having a bone density through dual energy X ray absorptiometry (DXA) and osteoporosis preventing behaviors (OPB) among healthy postmenopausal women. METHODS Subjects were 203 healthy community-based women 50-65 years of age. Mediating variables were general(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this theory-based descriptive study was to describe older men's (> or = 65 years of age) knowledge of osteoporosis, their health beliefs about osteoporosis (specifically their perceived susceptibility), their confidence to perform osteoporosis-prevention behaviors, and actual performance of osteoporosis-prevention behaviors. DESIGN(More)
PURPOSE To compare the knowledge of osteoporosis, revised health belief model variables (RHBM), and DXA (dual energy x-ray absorptiometry) T-scores among men and women 50 years of age and older. DESIGN This was a secondary analysis that used 218 healthy community-based women 50 to 65 years of age and 226 healthy community-based men >or=50 years of age.(More)
The development of critical thinking is an essential component of baccalaureate nursing education and yet little is known about beginning nursing students' critical thinking abilities in making clinical decisions. The purpose of this study was to describe the critical thinking of seven beginning baccalaureate nursing students during their first clinical(More)