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Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids upon cell stimulation (for example, by immune complexes and calcium ionophores) and converted to leukotrienes by a 5-lipoxygenase that also has leukotriene A4 synthetase activity. Leukotriene A4, an unstable epoxide, is hydrolyzed to leukotriene B4 or conjugated with glutathione to yield leukotriene(More)
Recently, we have shown that ionophore activation of human leukocytes results in leukotriene synthesis and a translocation of 5-lipoxygenase from the cytosol to cellular membrane. This membrane translocation was postulated to be an important early activation step for the enzyme. 3-[1-(p-Chlorobenzyl)-5-(isopropyl)-3-tert-butylthioindol-2-yl]-2, 2-(More)
Ibuprofen and mefenamic acid are weak, competitive inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) oxygenation of arachidonic acid (AA) but potent, noncompetitive inhibitors of 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) oxygenation. The slow, tight-binding inhibitor, indomethacin, is a potent inhibitor of 2-AG and AA oxygenation whereas the rapidly reversible inhibitor,(More)
Glycerophospholipids containing arachidonic acid (20:4) serve as the precursors for an array of biologically active lipid mediators, most of which are produced by macrophages. We have applied mass spectrometry-based lipid profiling technology to evaluate the glycerophospholipid structure and composition of two macrophage populations, resident peritoneal(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) positive-ion electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry method for the quantification of prostaglandin glyceryl esters (PG-Gs), a newly discovered class of eicosanoids, is described. All four PG-Gs (PGE(2)-G, PGD(2)-G, PGF(2alpha)-G, and 6-keto-PGF(1alpha)-G) and the prostaglandins (PGs) that are formed(More)
Rabbits infected with Trypanosoma brucei brucei develop a hypertriglyceridemia characterized by an increase in very low density lipoprotein and, to a lesser extent, low density lipoprotein, with a decrease in high density lipoprotein. Triglyceride production studies showed that the triglyceride production rate was not significantly different in(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX; prostaglandin G/H synthase, EC 1.14.99.1) catalyzes the first two steps in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins (PGs). The two COX isoforms COX-1 and COX-2 are the targets of the widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, indicating a role for these enzymes in pain, fever, inflammation, and tumorigenesis. The ubiquitous(More)
Oxidation of endogenous macromolecules can generate electrophiles capable of forming mutagenic adducts in DNA. The lipid peroxidation product malondialdehyde, for example, reacts with DNA to form M1G, the mutagenic pyrimidopurinone adduct of deoxyguanosine. In addition to free radical attack of lipids, DNA is also continuously subjected to oxidative damage.(More)