Carol A. Rouzer

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Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids upon cell stimulation (for example, by immune complexes and calcium ionophores) and converted to leukotrienes by a 5-lipoxygenase that also has leukotriene A4 synthetase activity. Leukotriene A4, an unstable epoxide, is hydrolyzed to leukotriene B4 or conjugated with glutathione to yield leukotriene(More)
Malondialdehyde (MDA) is an endogenous genotoxic product of enzymatic and oxygen radical-induced lipid peroxidation whose adducts are known to exist in DNA isolated from healthy human beings. To evaluate the mutagenic potential of MDA in human cells, we reacted MDA with pSP189 shuttle vector DNA and then transfected them into human fibroblasts for(More)
A high glucose concentration in vivo or an increased glucose of glucose 6-phosphate concentration in vitro has been found to lead to the glycosylation of epsilon-amino groups of lysine residues in bovine and rat lens crystallins. In vitro, this glycosylation imparts an increased susceptibility of the crystallins to sulfhydryl oxidation. Disulfide crosslinks(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX; prostaglandin G/H synthase, EC 1.14.99.1) catalyzes the first two steps in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins (PGs). The two COX isoforms COX-1 and COX-2 are the targets of the widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, indicating a role for these enzymes in pain, fever, inflammation, and tumorigenesis. The ubiquitous(More)
Recently, we have shown that ionophore activation of human leukocytes results in leukotriene synthesis and a translocation of 5-lipoxygenase from the cytosol to cellular membrane. This membrane translocation was postulated to be an important early activation step for the enzyme. 3-[1-(p-Chlorobenzyl)-5-(isopropyl)-3-tert-butylthioindol-2-yl]-2, 2-(More)
Oxidation of endogenous macromolecules can generate electrophiles capable of forming mutagenic adducts in DNA. The lipid peroxidation product malondialdehyde, for example, reacts with DNA to form M1G, the mutagenic pyrimidopurinone adduct of deoxyguanosine. In addition to free radical attack of lipids, DNA is also continuously subjected to oxidative damage.(More)
Ibuprofen and mefenamic acid are weak, competitive inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) oxygenation of arachidonic acid (AA) but potent, noncompetitive inhibitors of 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) oxygenation. The slow, tight-binding inhibitor, indomethacin, is a potent inhibitor of 2-AG and AA oxygenation whereas the rapidly reversible inhibitor,(More)
Rabbits infected with Trypanosoma brucei brucei develop a hypertriglyceridemia characterized by an increase in very low density lipoprotein and, to a lesser extent, low density lipoprotein, with a decrease in high density lipoprotein. Triglyceride production studies showed that the triglyceride production rate was not significantly different in(More)