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Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids upon cell stimulation (for example, by immune complexes and calcium ionophores) and converted to leukotrienes by a 5-lipoxygenase that also has leukotriene A4 synthetase activity. Leukotriene A4, an unstable epoxide, is hydrolyzed to leukotriene B4 or conjugated with glutathione to yield leukotriene(More)
Ibuprofen and mefenamic acid are weak, competitive inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) oxygenation of arachidonic acid (AA) but potent, noncompetitive inhibitors of 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) oxygenation. The slow, tight-binding inhibitor, indomethacin, is a potent inhibitor of 2-AG and AA oxygenation whereas the rapidly reversible inhibitor,(More)
A high glucose concentration in vivo or an increased glucose of glucose 6-phosphate concentration in vitro has been found to lead to the glycosylation of epsilon-amino groups of lysine residues in bovine and rat lens crystallins. In vitro, this glycosylation imparts an increased susceptibility of the crystallins to sulfhydryl oxidation. Disulfide crosslinks(More)
Glycerophospholipids containing arachidonic acid (20:4) serve as the precursors for an array of biologically active lipid mediators, most of which are produced by macrophages. We have applied mass spectrometry-based lipid profiling technology to evaluate the glycerophospholipid structure and composition of two macrophage populations, resident peritoneal(More)
Recently, we have shown that ionophore activation of human leukocytes results in leukotriene synthesis and a translocation of 5-lipoxygenase from the cytosol to cellular membrane. This membrane translocation was postulated to be an important early activation step for the enzyme. 3-[1-(p-Chlorobenzyl)-5-(isopropyl)-3-tert-butylthioindol-2-yl]-2, 2-(More)
Maximal activity of human leukocyte 5-lipoxygenase requires Ca2+, ATP, a microsomal membrane preparation, and two cytosolic stimulatory factors. We report here some effects of Ca2+ on the physical properties of the 5-lipoxygenase. When leukocytes were homogenized in the presence of 2 mM EDTA, 5-lipoxygenase was found to be a soluble enzyme. However, when(More)
Comprehensive lipid profiling by mass spectrometry provides comparative data on the relative distribution of individual glycerophospholipids within each of the major classes. Application of this method to the analysis of glycerophospholipid remodeling in murine primary resident peritoneal macrophages (RPMs) during zymosan phagocytosis reveals significant(More)
Comprehensive studies of prostaglandin (PG) synthesis in murine resident peritoneal macrophages (RPM) responding to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) revealed that the primary PGs produced by RPM were prostacyclin and PGE(2). Detectable increases in net PG formation occurred within the first hour, and maximal PG formation had occurred by 6-10 h after LPS(More)