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PURPOSE To study A2E, a component of retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) cell lipofuscin, after its internalization by cultured human RPE cells. METHODS A2E was synthesized and incubated with an adult RPE cell line devoid of native lipofuscin. To investigate the cellular compartmentalization of A2E, cells were incubated simultaneously with A2E and a(More)
During DNA replication, DNA polymerases follow an induced fit mechanism in order to rapidly distinguish between correct and incorrect dNTP substrates. The dynamics of this process are crucial to the overall effectiveness of catalysis. Although X-ray crystal structures of DNA polymerase I with substrate dNTPs have revealed key structural states along the(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the lipofuscin fluorophore A2E participates in blue light-induced damage to retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) cells. METHODS Human RPE cells (ARPE-19) accumulated A2E from 10, 50, and 100 microM concentrations in media, the levels of internalized A2E ranging from less than 5 to 64 ng/10(5) cells, as assayed by quantitative(More)
Assembly of polymerase chain reactions at room temperature can sometimes lead to low yields or unintentional products due to mispriming. Mutation of isoleucine 707 to leucine in DNA polymerase I from Thermus aquaticus substantially decreases its activity at room temperature without compromising its ability to amplify DNA. To understand why a conservative(More)
A state-averaged, multireference complete active space (CAS) approach was used for the determination of the vertical excitation energies of valence and Rydberg states of para-benzyne. Orbitals were generated with a 10- and 32-state averaged multiconfigurational self-consistent field approach. Electron correlation was included using multireference(More)
The Low Mode (LM) and Monte Carlo (MC) conformational search methods were compared on three diverse molecular systems; (4R, 5S, 6S, 7R)-hexahydro-5,6-dihydroxy-1,3,4,7-tetrakis(phenylmethyl)-2H-1,3-diazapin-2-one (1), 2-methoxy-2-phenyl-2-triflouromethyl-N-alpha-methyl benzyl propanamide (2) and a trimeric 39-membered polyazamacrolide (3). We find that(More)
The gamma subunits of heterotrimeric G proteins are isoprenylated/methylated on their carboxy termini. The photoreceptor G protein, transducin, is farnesylated/methylated at this position. Since the isoprenyl group is required for G protein function, it is of great interest to determine the mechanism by which the farnesyl group of Tgamma interacts with the(More)
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