Learn More
BACKGROUND Current medications for alcohol dependence (AD) show only modest efficacy. None target brain noradrenergic pathways. Theory and preclinical evidence suggest that noradrenergic circuits may be involved in alcohol reinforcement and relapse. We therefore tested the alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, prazosin, as a pharmacotherapy for AD. (More)
BACKGROUND Divalproex sodium, an anticonvulsant and antikindling agent and gamma-aminobutyric acid enhancer, has been proposed as an alternative to benzodiazepines for treating alcohol withdrawal. This study reports on a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of divalproex sodium in acute alcohol withdrawal. METHODS Thirty-six hospitalized(More)
OBJECTIVE The relationship between perceived barriers and prospective use of mental health care among veterans was examined. METHODS The sample included Iraq and Afghanistan veterans (N=305) who endorsed symptoms of depression or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or alcohol misuse at intake to a postdeployment clinic between May 2005 and August 2009.(More)
BACKGROUND Recently attention has focused on the assessment of functional health status in substance-dependent individuals. The addiction severity index (ASI) is a widely used assessment instrument that includes scales to reflect current medical and psychiatric status. This study examines the concurrent validity of these ASI composite scores in relation to(More)
The integration of tobacco cessation treatment into mental health care for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), known as Integrated Care (IC), was evaluated in an uncontrolled feasibility and effectiveness study. Veterans (N = 107) in PTSD treatment at two outpatient clinics received IC delivered by mental health practitioners. Outcomes were seven-day(More)
BACKGROUND Loving-kindness meditation (LKM) is a practice intended to enhance feelings of kindness and compassion for self and others. OBJECTIVES To assess whether participation in a 12-week course of LKM for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with improved positive emotions, decentering, and personal resources. RESEARCH(More)
OBJECTIVE Smoking is highly prevalent and refractory among people with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study aimed to improve the rate of quitting smoking for veterans with PTSD by integrating treatment for nicotine dependence into mental health care. METHOD Smokers undergoing treatment for PTSD (N=66) were randomly assigned to 1) tobacco use(More)
CONTEXT Most smokers with mental illness do not receive tobacco cessation treatment. OBJECTIVE To determine whether integrating smoking cessation treatment into mental health care for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) improves long-term smoking abstinence rates. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS A randomized controlled trial of 943 smokers(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess outcomes of veterans who participated in mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). DESIGN Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression, functional status, behavioral activation, experiential avoidance, and mindfulness were assessed at baseline, and 2 and 6 months after enrollment. RESULTS At 6 months, there were(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have complex and multiple symptoms, including anxiety, insomnia, and co-occurring pain, often treated with opioids and benzodiazepines. While concurrent use of these medications poses safety concerns, little is known about the trends of long-term concurrent use and the prevalence of high-risk(More)