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OBJECTIVES To assess outcomes of veterans who participated in mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). DESIGN Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression, functional status, behavioral activation, experiential avoidance, and mindfulness were assessed at baseline, and 2 and 6 months after enrollment. RESULTS At 6 months, there were(More)
OBJECTIVE Smoking is highly prevalent and refractory among people with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study aimed to improve the rate of quitting smoking for veterans with PTSD by integrating treatment for nicotine dependence into mental health care. METHOD Smokers undergoing treatment for PTSD (N=66) were randomly assigned to 1) tobacco use(More)
Loving-kindness meditation is a practice designed to enhance feelings of kindness and compassion for self and others. Loving-kindness meditation involves repetition of phrases of positive intention for self and others. We undertook an open pilot trial of loving-kindness meditation for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Measures of PTSD,(More)
OBJECTIVE The relationship between perceived barriers and prospective use of mental health care among veterans was examined. METHODS The sample included Iraq and Afghanistan veterans (N=305) who endorsed symptoms of depression or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or alcohol misuse at intake to a postdeployment clinic between May 2005 and August 2009.(More)
The monaminergic properties of second generation antipsychotics are prompting research on their use to treat cocaine dependence, with inconclusive results to date. In preliminary reports, the atypical antipsychotic quetiapine has shown promise for the treatment of substance abuse disorders. The primary objective of the current study was to assess the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess outcomes associated with Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for veterans with PTSD. METHODS Forty-seven veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; 37 male, 32 Caucasian) were randomized to treatment as usual (TAU; n = 22), or MBSR plus TAU (n = 25). PTSD, depression, and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) were(More)
Prior studies have found discrepancies between daily report and retrospective recall of alcohol use. One possible explanation is that there may be an association between memory impairment and alcohol consumption recall errors. Should this possibility be substantiated it could have implications for the types of assessments conducted in alcohol treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE Distress symptoms and high-risk behaviors among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans were examined as predictors of treatment utilization. METHODS Veterans (N=618) completed self-report measures upon treatment enrollment (2005-2008). Two-year utilization data were obtained for five settings: primary care, mental health within primary care, outpatient(More)
The integration of tobacco cessation treatment into mental health care for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), known as Integrated Care (IC), was evaluated in an uncontrolled feasibility and effectiveness study. Veterans (N = 107) in PTSD treatment at two outpatient clinics received IC delivered by mental health practitioners. Outcomes were seven-day(More)
A survey was administered anonymously to 45 mental health providers who delivered smoking cessation treatment integrated into posttraumatic stress disorder care (integrated care) as part of a multisite clinical trial. Survey items assessed key factors associated with successful implementation of research-based practices from the perspective of treating(More)