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The largest genus in the conifer family Pinaceae is Pinus, with over 100 species. The size and complexity of their genomes (∼20-40 Gb, 2n = 24) have delayed the arrival of a well-annotated reference sequence. In this study, we present the annotation of the first whole-genome shotgun assembly of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.), which comprises 20.1 Gb of(More)
The size and complexity of conifer genomes has, until now, prevented full genome sequencing and assembly. The large research community and economic importance of loblolly pine, Pinus taeda L., made it an early candidate for reference sequence determination. We develop a novel strategy to sequence the genome of loblolly pine that combines unique aspects of(More)
BACKGROUND In today's age of genomic discovery, no attempt has been made to comprehensively sequence a gymnosperm genome. The largest genus in the coniferous family Pinaceae is Pinus, whose 110-120 species have extremely large genomes (c. 20-40 Gb, 2N = 24). The size and complexity of these genomes have prompted much speculation as to the feasibility of(More)
Gene expression analyses using native populations can contribute to the understanding of plant development and adaptation in multiple ways. These include the identification of candidate genes and genetic polymorphisms affecting expression and phenotypic traits and characterization of transcriptional networks. We analyzed the expression of 111 genes with(More)
Arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) are abundant plant proteoglycans implicated in plant growth and development. Here, we report the genetic characterization, partial purification and immunolocalization of a classical AGP (PtaAGP6, accession number AF101785) in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.). A PtaAGP6 full-length cDNA clone was expressed in bacteria. PtaAGP6(More)
Two genes preferentially expressed in differentiating xylem of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) were cloned from cDNA and genomic libraries and designated PtX3H6 and PtX14A9. Transcripts of PtX3H6 and PtX14A9 are very abundant in differentiating xylem, less abundant in needles, and very low or nondetectable in embryos and megagametophytes. PtX3H6 contains a(More)
In developing xylem, gene expression levels vary in different genotypes, at different stages of development, throughout a growing season, and in response to stresses. Commercially important characteristics such as wood-specific gravity are known to differ with seed source. For example, when grown on a common site, the specific gravity of Arkansas loblolly(More)
Two-to 4-month-old seedlings of nine pine species (Pinus eldarica Medw., Pinus elliottii Engelm., Pinus jeffreyi Grev. & Balf., Pinus lambertiana Dougl., Pinus ponderosa Laws., Pinus radiata D. Don, Pinus sylvestris L., Pinus taeda L., Pinus virginiana Mill), Douglas fir (Pseudotsuaa menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) and incense cedar (Libocedrus decurrens Torr.)(More)
An arabinogalactan-protein (AGP) was purified from differentiating xylem of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and the N-terminal sequence used to identify a cDNA clone. The protein, PtaAGP3, was not coded for by any previously identified AGP-like genes. Moreover, PtaAGP3 was abundantly and preferentially expressed in differentiating xylem. The encoded protein(More)
DNA transfer using Agrobacterium tumefaciens has been demonstrated in sugar pine, Pinus lambertiana Dougl. Shoots derived from cytokinin-treated cotyledons formed galls after inoculation with A. tumefaciens strains containing the plasmid pTiBo542. A selectable marker, neomycin phosphotransferase II, conferring resistance to kanamycin, was transferred into(More)