Carol A. Laschinger

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In pressure or volume overload, hypertrophic growth of the myocardium is associated with myofibroblast differentiation, a process in which cardiac fibroblasts express smooth muscle alpha-actin (SMA). The signaling mechanisms that mediate force-induced myofibroblast differentiation and SMA expression are not defined. We examined the role of the(More)
Neutrophil collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase 8 [MMP-8]) is an important mediator of tissue destruction in inflammatory diseases. Studies of anaerobic periodontal infections have shown that active MMP-8 in gingival crevicular fluid is associated with the degradation of periodontal tissues in progressive periodontitis whereas the latent enzyme is(More)
The regulation of N-cadherin-mediated intercellular adhesion strength in fibroblasts is poorly characterized; this is due, in part, to a lack of available quantitative models. We used a recombinant N-cadherin chimeric protein and a Rat 2 fibroblast, donor-acceptor cell model, to study the importance of cortical actin filaments and cortactin in the(More)
The formation of myofibroblasts in valve interstitial cell (VIC) populations contributes to fibrotic valvular disease. We examined myofibroblast differentiation in VICs from porcine aortic valves. In normal valves, cells immunostained for alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA, a myofibroblast marker) were rare (0.69 +/- 0.48%), but in sclerotic valves of(More)
Cortactin regulates the strength of nascent N-cadherin-mediated intercellular adhesions through a tyrosine phosphorylation-dependent mechanism. Currently, the functional significance of cortactin phosphorylation and the kinases responsible for the regulation of adhesion strength are not defined. We show that the nonreceptor tyrosine kinase Fer(More)
Phosphoinositides regulate several actin-binding proteins but their role at intercellular adhesions has not been defined. We found that phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) was generated at sites of N-cadherin-mediated intercellular adhesion and was a critical regulator of intercellular adhesion strength. Immunostaining for PI(4,5)P2 or(More)
Induction of apoptosis by tensile forces is an important determinant of connective tissue destruction in osteoarthritis and periodontal diseases. We examined the role of molecular components of the unfolded protein response in force-induced apoptosis. Magnetic fields were used to apply tensile force through integrins to cultured fibroblasts bound with(More)
Fibrosis is a frequent complication of diabetes mellitus in many organs and tissues but the mechanism of how diabetes-induced glycation of extracellular matrix proteins impacts the formation of fibrotic lesions is not defined. As fibrosis is mediated by myofibroblasts, we investigated the effect of collagen glycation on the conversion of human cardiac(More)
During a 6-year period (1977 to 1982) blood samples from 152 Canadian patients were referred to the national reference laboratory of the Canadian Red Cross Society because the referring hospitals had not been able to determine the cause of the patients' severe nonhemolytic transfusion reactions. Twenty-one patients were found to be IgA deficient, and 12 of(More)