Carol A. Kruse

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Rasmussen's encephalitis is a rare chronic neurological disorder, characterised by unilateral inflammation of the cerebral cortex, drug-resistant epilepsy, and progressive neurological and cognitive deterioration. Neuropathological and immunological studies support the notion that Rasmussen's encephalitis is probably driven by a T-cell response to one or(More)
PURPOSE Allogeneic glioma cell lines that are partially matched to the patient at class I human leukocyte antigen (HLA) loci and that display tumor-associated antigens (TAA) or antigenic precursors [tumor antigen precursor proteins (TAPP)] could be used for generating whole tumor cell vaccines or, alternatively, for extraction of TAA peptides to make(More)
A glioma cell line, CNS-1, was developed in the inbred Lewis rat to obtain a histocompatible astrocytoma cell line with infiltrative and growth patterns that more closely simulate those observed in human gliomas. Rats were given weekly intravenous injections for a six month period with N-nitroso-N-methylurea to produce neoplasm in the central nervous(More)
High grade malignant gliomas are genetically unstable, heterogeneous and highly infiltrative; all characteristics that lend glioma cells superior advantages in resisting conventional therapies. Unfortunately, the median survival time for patients with glioblastoma multiforme remains discouraging at 12-15 months from diagnosis. Neuroimmunologists/oncologists(More)
 For a single-dose toxicity assessment, five patients with recurrent malignant glioma (ages 29–46 years) were treated with intracavitary alloreactive cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and interleukin-2 (IL-2). The trial tested the hypothesis that alloreactive CTL, sensitized to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins of the patient, offer selective,(More)
A panel of human glioma cell explants was screened for integrin expression by flow cytometry using α(ν)β-specific antibodies. A lower percentage of the glioma cells were positive for the α(ν)β3 (mean % positive = 20.8%) integrin, whereas higher percentages were positive for the ανβ5 (mean % positive = 72.7%), VLA5α (mean % positive = 87%) and VLAβ1 (mean %(More)
Objectives We evaluated and compared tumor antigen precursor protein (TAPP) profiles in adult and pediatric brain tumors of 31 genes related to tumor associated antigens (TAA) for possible use in immunotherapy. Antigens were selected based on their potential to stimulate T cell responses against tumors of neuroectodermal origin. Methods Thirty-seven brain(More)
The establishment of a new glioma cell line, DBTRG-05MG, in a modified RPMI 1640 medium is described. The cells were derived from an adult female with glioblastoma multiforme who had been treated with local brain irradiation and multidrug chemotherapy; the tumor showed substantial change in histologic appearance compared to the original biopsy 13 mo.(More)
An important consequence of the suicide gene therapeutic paradigm is the phenomenon of bystander cell killing, the death of adjacent tumor cells not transduced with the thymidine kinase (TK) gene from herpes simplex virus (HSV) after treatment with the antiviral drug, ganciclovir (GCV). Evidence from quantitative in vitro assays of glioma cell lines suggest(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is a cell surface glycoprotein whose expression may be important in metastatic or local growth of neoplasms. Expression of NCAM in human pituitary adenomas was assessed on snap-frozen and Bouin's and/or formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded archival tissue using a sensitive alkaline phosphatase-antialkaline phosphatase(More)