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A glioma cell line, CNS-1, was developed in the inbred Lewis rat to obtain a histocompatible astrocytoma cell line with infiltrative and growth patterns that more closely simulate those observed in human gliomas. Rats were given weekly intravenous injections for a six month period with N-nitroso-N-methylurea to produce neoplasm in the central nervous(More)
The peptide vaccine clinical trials encountered limited success because of difficulties associated with stability and delivery, resulting in inefficient antigen presentation and low response rates in patients with cancer. The purpose of this study was to develop a novel delivery approach for tumor antigenic peptides in order to elicit enhanced immune(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated and compared tumor antigen precursor protein (TAPP) profiles in adult and pediatric brain tumors of 31 genes related to tumor associated antigens (TAA) for possible use in immunotherapy. Antigens were selected based on their potential to stimulate T cell responses against tumors of neuroectodermal origin. METHODS Thirty-seven brain(More)
Malignant brain tumors, such as glioblastoma, are characterized by extensive angiogenesis and permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The infiltration of glioma cells away from the primary tumor mass is a pathological characteristic of glial tumors. The infiltrating tumor cells represent a significant factor in tumor recurrence following surgical(More)
CNS-1 is a highly invasive neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM)-positive rat glioma that exhibits similarities in its pattern of infiltration to human gliomas. To investigate whether increasing NCAM expression alters invasive behavior, retroviruses encoding human NCAM 140 and a cytoplasmic truncation of NCAM 140 were used to transduce a population of CNS-1(More)
Between August 1986 and October 1987, the Denver Brain Tumor Research Group conducted a clinical trial using autologous human recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2)-activated lymphocytes to treat 20 patients with recurrent high-grade gliomas. The trial involved surgical resection and/or decompression followed by intracavitary implantation of lymphokine-activated(More)
TALL-104 is a human leukemic T cell line that expresses markers characteristic of both cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells. TALL-104 cells are potent tumor killers, and the use of lethally irradiated TALL-104 as cellular therapy for a variety of tumors has been explored. We investigated the interactions of TALL-104 cells with human brain tumor(More)
Rasmussen's encephalitis is a rare chronic neurological disorder, characterised by unilateral inflammation of the cerebral cortex, drug-resistant epilepsy, and progressive neurological and cognitive deterioration. Neuropathological and immunological studies support the notion that Rasmussen's encephalitis is probably driven by a T-cell response to one or(More)
Previous investigations by our group demonstrated the efficacy of single source allogeneic cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) given multiple times in reducing or curing tumor burden in the rat 9L gliosarcoma model. In this study, the lack of toxicity to normal brain when single source allogeneic CTLs were intracranially administered multiple times is(More)
Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is a rare complex inflammatory disease, primarily seen in young children, that is characterized by severe partial seizures and brain atrophy. Surgery is currently the only effective treatment option. To identify genes specifically associated with the immunopathology in RE, RNA transcripts of genes involved in inflammation and(More)