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Between August 1986 and October 1987, the Denver Brain Tumor Research Group conducted a clinical trial using autologous human recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2)-activated lymphocytes to treat 20 patients with recurrent high-grade gliomas. The trial involved surgical resection and/or decompression followed by intracavitary implantation of lymphokine-activated(More)
A glioma cell line, CNS-1, was developed in the inbred Lewis rat to obtain a histocompatible astrocytoma cell line with infiltrative and growth patterns that more closely simulate those observed in human gliomas. Rats were given weekly intravenous injections for a six month period with N-nitroso-N-methylurea to produce neoplasm in the central nervous(More)
Recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL-2) and various effector cell populations were used for adoptive immunotherapy in the Fischer strain 9L rat gliosarcoma model. The in vivo cytotoxicities of nonspecifically activated lymphocytes and specifically activated cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) were assessed in a modified in vivo neutralization (Winn) assay. Effector(More)
A panel of human glioma cell explants was screened for integrin expression by flow cytometry using α(ν)β-specific antibodies. A lower percentage of the glioma cells were positive for the α(ν)β3 (mean % positive = 20.8%) integrin, whereas higher percentages were positive for the ανβ5 (mean % positive = 72.7%), VLA5α (mean % positive = 87%) and VLAβ1 (mean %(More)
Rasmussen's encephalitis is a rare chronic neurological disorder, characterised by unilateral inflammation of the cerebral cortex, drug-resistant epilepsy, and progressive neurological and cognitive deterioration. Neuropathological and immunological studies support the notion that Rasmussen's encephalitis is probably driven by a T-cell response to one or(More)
A rat model for brain tumor immunotherapy is described that closely mimics the type of treatment that could be administered to humans. It involves surgical implantation of a permanent cannula in the brain, through which tumor cells and various effector cells and/or cytokines can be injected. The advantage of this system over more conventional animal(More)
The establishment of a new glioma cell line, DBTRG-05MG, in a modified RPMI 1640 medium is described. The cells were derived from an adult female with glioblastoma multiforme who had been treated with local brain irradiation and multidrug chemotherapy; the tumor showed substantial change in histologic appearance compared to the original biopsy 13 mo.(More)
PURPOSE Allogeneic glioma cell lines that are partially matched to the patient at class I human leukocyte antigen (HLA) loci and that display tumor-associated antigens (TAA) or antigenic precursors [tumor antigen precursor proteins (TAPP)] could be used for generating whole tumor cell vaccines or, alternatively, for extraction of TAA peptides to make(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is a cell surface glycoprotein whose expression may be important in metastatic or local growth of neoplasms. Expression of NCAM in human pituitary adenomas was assessed on snap-frozen and Bouin's and/or formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded archival tissue using a sensitive alkaline phosphatase-antialkaline phosphatase(More)
High-titer, purified herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) retroviral particles, followed with intraperitoneal ganciclovir (GCV) were tested in Fischer rats bearing 1-week established 9L gliosarcomas. 9L cells were infused intracranially through a cannula on day 0, given intracranial infusions of HSV-TK retroviral particles on days 7-12, and given(More)