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Entamoeba histolytica is an intestinal parasite and the causative agent of amoebiasis, which is a significant source of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Here we present the genome of E. histolytica, which reveals a variety of metabolic adaptations shared with two other amitochondrial protist pathogens: Giardia lamblia and Trichomonas(More)
The varied organ tropisms and clinical presentations of infection by Entamoeba histolytica have stimulated interest in the role of parasite genetic diversity in virulence. We investigated genetic diversity among 54 E. histolytica isolates from Bangladesh by analyzing polymorphism in the serine-rich gene by nested PCR on DNA extracted from stool and liver(More)
The Entamoeba histolytica transcription factor Upstream Regulatory Element 3-Binding Protein (URE3-BP) is a calcium-responsive regulator of two E. histolytica virulence genes, hgl5 and fdx1. URE3-BP was previously identified by a yeast one-hybrid screen of E. histolytica proteins capable of binding to the sequence TATTCTATT (Upstream Regulatory Element 3(More)
A genome-wide transcriptional analysis of Entamoeba histolytica was performed on trophozoites isolated from the colon of six infected mice and from in vitro culture. An Affymetrix platform gene expression array was designed for this analysis that included probe sets for 9435 open reading frames (ORFs) and 9066 5' and 3' flanking regions. Transcripts were(More)
Establishment of intestinal infection with Entamoeba histolytica depends on the mouse strain; C57BL/6 mice are highly resistant, and C3H/HeJ mice are relatively susceptible. We found that resistance to intestinal infection was independent of lymphocyte activity or H-2 haplotype and occurred in the first hours to days postchallenge according to in vivo(More)
The intestinal parasite Entamoeba histolytica is one of the first protists for which a draft genome sequence has been published. Although the genome is still incomplete, it is unlikely that many genes are missing from the list of those already identified. In this chapter we summarise the features of the genome as they are currently understood and provide(More)
Malnutrition substantially increases susceptibility to Entamoeba histolytica in children. Leptin is a hormone produced by adipocytes that inhibits food intake, influences the immune system, and is suppressed in malnourished children. Therefore we hypothesized that diminished leptin function may increase susceptibility to E. histolytica infection. We(More)
Ubiquitin is a small eukaryotic protein that is synthesized naturally as one of several fusion proteins, which are processed by ubiquitin-specific proteases to release free ubiquitin. The expression of heterologous proteins as fusions to ubiquitin in either prokaryotic or eukaryotic hosts often dramatically enhances their yield, and allows the exposure of(More)
The production of substance P and the mRNA encoding its precursor (preprotachykinin, PPT) is regulated by nerve growth factor (NGF) in dorsal root ganglion (drg) neurons. To explore the mechanism by which NGF regulates the production of PPT mRNA, we have transfected PC12 cells and F11 cells with plasmids containing the bovine PPT promoter linked to the(More)
In our efforts to understand how transcription may be regulated in Entamoeba histolytica, we have examined if this parasite has conserved enzymatic mechanisms for targeted acetylation and deacetylation of histones. Western blotting indicated that basic nuclear proteins in the size range of 16-23 kDa were acetylated in amebic trophozoites, suggesting histone(More)