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Entamoeba histolytica is an intestinal parasite and the causative agent of amoebiasis, which is a significant source of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Here we present the genome of E. histolytica, which reveals a variety of metabolic adaptations shared with two other amitochondrial protist pathogens: Giardia lamblia and Trichomonas(More)
The production of substance P and the mRNA encoding its precursor (preprotachykinin, PPT) is regulated by nerve growth factor (NGF) in dorsal root ganglion (drg) neurons. To explore the mechanism by which NGF regulates the production of PPT mRNA, we have transfected PC12 cells and F11 cells with plasmids containing the bovine PPT promoter linked to the(More)
It is not understood why only some infections with Entamoeba histolytica result in disease. The calcium-regulated transcription factor upstream regulatory element 3-binding protein (URE3-BP) was initially identified by virtue of its role in regulating the expression of two amebic virulence genes, the Gal/GalNac lectin and ferredoxin. Here we tested whether(More)
The Entamoeba histolytica transcription factor Upstream Regulatory Element 3-Binding Protein (URE3-BP) is a calcium-responsive regulator of two E. histolytica virulence genes, hgl5 and fdx1. URE3-BP was previously identified by a yeast one-hybrid screen of E. histolytica proteins capable of binding to the sequence TATTCTATT (Upstream Regulatory Element 3(More)
Two major genotypic assemblages of Giardia lamblia infect humans; the epidemiologic significance of this phenomenon is poorly understood. We developed a single-vessel multiplex real-time PCR (qPCR) assay that genotypes Giardia infections into assemblages A and/or B directly from fecal samples. The assay utilized Scorpion probes that combined(More)
The outcome of an Entamoeba histolytica infection is variable and can result in either asymptomatic carriage, immediate or latent disease (diarrhea/dysentery/amebic liver abscess). An E. histolytica multilocus genotyping system based on tRNA gene-linked arrays has shown that genetic differences exist among parasites isolated from patients with different(More)
The main purpose of this study was to examine the effect of 17 beta-estradiol (E2) on the production of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBP) by GH4C1 cells, a pituitary tumor cell line that displays many phenotypic properties of the anterior pituitary lactotroph. At a low population density (10,500(More)
Technical Appendix Table. Sequencing outcomes for remaining 13 of 15 samples that were negative by PCR for Entamoeba histolytica, E. dispar, and E. moshkovskii and that were not the novel species E. bangladeshi Specimen no. Sequencing outcome 1 97% identity to E. bangladeshi, but insufficient sequence length led to ambiguous assignment, conservatively(More)
BACKGROUND An estimated 1 million children die each year before their fifth birthday from diarrhea. Previous population-based surveys of pediatric diarrheal diseases have identified the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica, the etiological agent of amebiasis, as one of the causes of moderate-to-severe diarrhea in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. (More)
BACKGROUND Cryptosporidiosis is a common cause of infectious diarrhea in young children worldwide, and is a significant contributor to under-five mortality. Current treatment options are limited in young children. In this study, we describe the natural history of Cryptosporidium spp. infection in a birth cohort of children in Bangladesh and evaluate for(More)