Carol A. Allen

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Inactivation of the PTCH tumor suppressor gene occurs in a subset of sporadic medulloblastomas, suggesting that alterations in the PTCH pathway may be important in the development of this tumor. In order to address the frequency of genetic alterations affecting genes in this pathway, we used a combination of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis,(More)
PURPOSE Men with localized prostate cancer currently face a number of treatment options that treat the entire prostate. These can cause significant sexual and urinary side effects. Focal therapy offers a novel strategy that targets the cancer rather than the prostate in an attempt to preserve tissue and function. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective,(More)
Deletion of the short arm of human chromosome 1 is the most common cytogenetic abnormality observed in neuroblastoma. To characterize the region of consistent deletion, we performed loss of heterozygosity (LOH) studies on 122 neuroblastoma tumor samples with 30 distal chromosome 1p polymorphisms. LOH was detected in 32 of the 122 tumors (26%). A single(More)
Several different mutations collaborate with the fusion proteins in core-binding factor acute myeloid leukemia (CBF-AML) to induce leukemogenesis, but their prognostic significance remains unclear. We screened 354 predominantly younger (<60 years) adults with t(8;21) (n=199) or inv(16) (n=155) entered into UK MRC trials for KIT, FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain(More)
The PTCH gene encodes a putative tumor suppressor protein; germline alterations in PTCH have been found in patients with the nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS). Medulloblastoma, a brain tumor, develops in about 3% of NBCCS patients, and mutations in PTCH have also been described in a subset of sporadic medulloblastomas. The search for the causes(More)
The beta-catenin, glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK-3beta), and adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene products interact to form a network that influences the rate of cell proliferation. Medulloblastoma occurs as part of Turcot's syndrome, and patients with Turcot's who develop medulloblastomas have been shown to harbor germ-line APC mutations. Although(More)
The current pathway for men suspected of having prostate cancer [transrectal biopsy, followed in some cases by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for staging] results in over-diagnosis of insignificant tumours, and systematically misses disease in the anterior prostate. Multiparametric MRI has the potential to change this pathway, and if performed before(More)
Alpha-naphthyl acetate esterases (ANAE) were examined by cytochemical and isoelectric focusing (IEF) techniques in 48 cases of acute myeloid leukemia that were classified by conventional morphological criteria. Four main types of ANAE isoenzyme patterns were found by IEF, and comparisons with the expression of membrane receptors (Fc-IgG and C3b) and(More)
Block copolymer micelles have become accepted as a viable strategy for drug formulation and delivery. Block copolymer micelles may serve as solubilizers and/or true drug carriers depending on their drug retention properties in vivo. Indeed the formulation of hydrophobic drugs in these micelle systems has been shown to provide up to a 30,000 fold increase in(More)
As part of a study of the characteristics of the synovial membrane which make it susceptible to inflammatory reactions, we tested a number of monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) which revealed novel features of the synovium using tissue from rheumatoid, osteoarthritic and traumatized (mechanically deranged) joints. In a previous study we detected macrophages (Mph)(More)