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UNLABELLED Real-time shear wave elastography (SWE) is a novel, noninvasive method to assess liver fibrosis by measuring liver stiffness. This single-center study was conducted to assess the accuracy of SWE in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), in comparison with transient elastography (TE), by using liver biopsy (LB) as the reference standard.(More)
UNLABELLED If liver transplantation is not feasible, partial resection is considered the treatment of choice for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with cirrhosis. However, in some centers the first-line treatment for small, single, operable HCC is now radiofrequency ablation (RFA). In the current study, 218 patients with single HCC <or= 2.0 cm(More)
GH secretion was reevaluated after completion of GH treatment at a mean age of 19.2 +/- 3.2 yr in 35 young adults with childhood-onset GH deficiency (GHD). The patients were subdivided into 4 groups according to their first pituitary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings: group I, 11 patients with isolated GHD (IGHD) and normal pituitary volume (280 +/-(More)
BACKGROUND Central diabetes insipidus is rare in children and young adults, and up to 50 percent of cases are idiopathic. The clinical presentation and the long-term course of this disorder are largely undefined. METHODS We studied all 79 patients with central diabetes insipidus who were seen at four pediatric endocrinology units between 1970 and 1996.(More)
OBJECTIVE A consensus exists that severe growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in adults is defined by a peak GH response to insulin-induced hypoglycemia (insulin tolerance test, ITT) of less than 3 microg/l based on a cohort of subjects with a mean age of 45 years. DESIGN AND METHODS By considering one of the following two criteria for the diagnosis of(More)
To investigate the signs of inflammatory processes in Alzheimer's disease (AD), we examined peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 51 AD patients (29 with mild and 22 with moderately severe dementia) and 51 age-matched healthy controls (HC), using flow cytometry to analyse the absolute number and the percentage of T, B and NK cells. We also studied(More)
The relationship between the hypothalamus-pituitary morphology and the somatotroph responsiveness to maximal provocative tests exploring the GH releasable pool is still unclear. We evaluated the GH-releasing effect of GHRH plus arginine (GHRH plus Arg) in 36 patients with congenital GH deficiency (GHD) according to their pituitary magnetic resonance imaging(More)
Two aspartic proteinases, pepsinogen II (PgII) and cathepsin E (CathE), were identified immunocytochemically in lung epithelia. In normal lung, type II pneumocytes were characterized by PgII immunoreactivity of variable intensity, while bronchiolar Clara cells reacted with CathE antibodies. With the exception of small groups of nonciliated bronchial cells(More)
In a randomized controlled trial with acute simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected macaques, both highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and HAART with fixed-schedule structured treatment interruption (STI-HAART; alternating 3 weeks on and 3 weeks off therapy) suppressed viral load. In the STI-HAART group, T cell virus-specific immune response(More)
Prevalence and phenotype of subjects carrying rare variants in the Italian registry for alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency I Ferrarotti, J Baccheschi, M Zorzetto, C Tinelli, L Corda, B Balbi, I Campo, E Pozzi, G Faa, P Coni, G Massi, G Stella, M Luisetti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(More)