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BACKGROUND Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) are serious complications in lung transplant recipients. No consensus on EBV DNAemia levels predictive of PTLD has been reached. In addition, in many instances EBV DNAemia is determined in patients with suggestive symptoms only. METHODS The characteristics of five patients with PTLD as well(More)
In a randomized controlled trial with acute simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected macaques, both highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and HAART with fixed-schedule structured treatment interruption (STI-HAART; alternating 3 weeks on and 3 weeks off therapy) suppressed viral load. In the STI-HAART group, T cell virus-specific immune response(More)
To investigate the signs of inflammatory processes in Alzheimer's disease (AD), we examined peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 51 AD patients (29 with mild and 22 with moderately severe dementia) and 51 age-matched healthy controls (HC), using flow cytometry to analyse the absolute number and the percentage of T, B and NK cells. We also studied(More)
Few investigators have evaluated the usefulness of the JAK2 V617F mutation for explaining the phenotypic variations and for predicting the risk of major clinical events in primary myelofibrosis (PMF). In a transversal survey we assayed by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) the JAK2 V617F mutational status in 304 patients with PMF. Multiple DNA(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the use of a novel study design in analysis of bilateral elbow pain. DESIGN N of 1, two contemporary arm, open label, randomised controlled clinical trial. SETTING A clinical epidemiologist at a university hospital in Pavia, Italy. PARTICIPANTS Two elbows with epicondylitis. INTERVENTIONS Autologous platelet lysate versus(More)
BACKGROUND Endophenotypes are simple biological aspects of a disease that can be observed in unaffected relatives at a higher rate than in the general population; an "autism endophenotype" justifies the observation that a mild reduction in ideational fluency and nonverbal generativity might be observed in healthy, unaffected relatives of children with(More)
Three pools of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) from non-smokers plus healthy smokers (NS + HS, n = 45); chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) without emphysema (COPD, n = 15) and subjects with pulmonary emphysema associated with α(1)-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD, n = 23) were used for an exploratory proteomic study aimed at generating fingerprints(More)
Degradation of extracellular matrix components is central to many pathological features of chronic destructive lung disorders. Desmosine and isodesmosine are elastin-derived cross-linked amino acids whose urine levels are considered representative of elastin breakdown. The aim of this study was to apply a novel methodology, based on high-performance(More)
Current treatments for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) require uninterrupted drug administration because they are unable to reconstitute the immune response and do not affect the viral reservoir. Ten patients were treated during acute HIV infection before complete Western blot (WB) seroconversion with the combination of hydroxyurea, didanosine, and(More)
Hypersensitivity to beryllium (Be) is found in 1-16% of exposed workers undergoing immunological screening for beryllium disease using the beryllium lymphocyte proliferation test (BeLPT). However, only approximately 50% of BeLPT-positive workers present with lung granulomas (i.e. berylliosis). As berylliosis is associated with the human leukocyte antigen(More)