Carmine Panella

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Prevalence of H. pylori antibiotic resistance is increasing worldwide, and it is the main factor affecting efficacy of current therapeutic regimens. Our aim was to review recent data on H. pylori resistance towards antibiotics in different countries. METHODS A systematic review of studies concerning primary H. pylori antibiotic(More)
INTRODUCTION Primary clarithromycin resistance is increasing worldwide, and it has been regarded as the main factor reducing the efficacy of Helicobacter pylori therapy. However, the clinical consequence of either phenotypic or genotypic resistance still remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate: (i) the concordance between phenotypic (culture) and(More)
BACKGROUND Small intestinal ultrasonography with anechoic contrast agents (SICUS) has been shown to have a diagnostic accuracy on small bowel morphology similar to X-ray barium follow-through. Although extremely investigated by transabdominal ultrasonography, celiac disease, a common disorder of the small bowel, has been never studied by SICUS. AIM To(More)
Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is the main etiopathogenetic agent responsible for inflammatory and ulcerative changes in gastroduodenal mucosa and the basis for both intestinal and diffuse types of gastric carcinoma. In this latter case, intestinal metaplasia is the intermediary between gastritis and cancer. In this study we describe the proliferative(More)
We report the case of a patient with refractory ulcerative colitis who developed cholestatic acute liver damage after a single infusion of infliximab. Unusual aspects of this case were the early onset (after the first administration) of liver damage and the absence of antinuclear antibodies, alcohol intake, hepatotoxic drugs and all known viral and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The role of oral supplementation with branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) in advanced cirrhosis is far from settled. A nutritional approach might prevent progressive liver failure and improve nutritional parameters and quality of life. METHODS A multicenter, randomized study comparing 1-year nutritional supplementation with BCAA against(More)
BACKGROUND It is known that syndecan 1 in inflammatory bowel diseases is able to migrate from epithelial basolateral site to the stromal area and apical surface of epithelium with a consequent activation and modulation of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and this process sustains mucosal healing of ulcers. On the other hand, tumour necrosis factor(More)
Solitary ulcer syndrome (SUS) is a rare disorder that may provoke hematochezia. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is used in a wide range of gastrointestinal bleeding. We experienced APC in a patient with a bleeding gigantic SUS: a 64-year-old woman who developed a SUS at 60. After 3 years, recurrent hematochezia, secondary anemia, and rectal pain occurred.(More)
A correlation between delta over baseline (DOB) values of the [(13)C]urea breath test (UBT) and Helicobacter pylori clarithromycin resistance has been reported, suggesting a possible predictive role of UBT in therapeutic outcome. However, available data are limited and conflicting. This study aimed to clarify this issue, assessing the possible relationship(More)