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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stroke type in the young may influence the outcome and may have a dramatic impact on the quality of life in survivors. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and prognosis of first-ever stroke in the young and to make comparisons with older patients within a well-defined population. METHODS All first-ever strokes occurring in(More)
BACKGROUND A history of migraine has been proposed as a risk factor for cerebral ischaemia in women under 45. METHODS To investigate the association between history of migraine and cerebral ischaemia, we performed a case-control study of 308 patients aged 15-44, with either transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or stroke, and of 591 age- and sex-matched(More)
A recent study has shown the reproducibility of time to exhaustion (time limit: tlim) at the lowest velocity that elicits the maximal oxygen consumption (vVO2 max). The same study found an inverse relationship between this time to exhaustion at vVO2 max and vVO2 max among 38 élite long-distance runners (Billat et al. 1994b). The purpose of the present study(More)
Introduction. Stroke in the young may have a dramatic impact on the quality of life in survivors. This study was aimed to evaluate incidence of first-ever stroke in the young by means of a systematic review. Materials and Methods. All papers on incidence of stroke in the young published after 1980, were identified by electronic search of Medline and manual(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The etiology of stroke in the young is different from that in older patients and remains unknown in almost one third of the cases. To gain further insight into both pathogenic and etiologic determinants, we prospectively studied a large number of consecutive young adults with focal cerebral ischemia. METHODS Three hundred(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and prognosis of intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS We analyzed data referring to our prospective population-based registry, including patients with a first-ever stroke followed up to 10 years. RESULTS In a 5-year period, we included 549 patients (247 men and 302 women; mean(More)
Flavanol consumption is favorably associated with cognitive function. We tested the hypothesis that dietary flavanols might improve cognitive function in subjects with mild cognitive impairment. We conducted a double-blind, parallel arm study in 90 elderly individuals with mild cognitive impairment randomized to consume once daily for 8 weeks a drink(More)
Transcranial Doppler is routinely used to assess the cerebrovascular reactivity, despite scarce information on its reproducibility. We evaluated the reproducibility of cerebrovascular reactivity measurements by this method utilizing different vasodilatory and vasoconstrictor stimuli. The cerebrovascular reactivity was measured in 45 healthy volunteers(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke and its prevalence increases steeply with age. Population-based data on its influence on stroke outcome are scarce. METHODS We evaluated the prevalence of AF and its influence on prognosis in patients with a first-ever ischemic stroke from a population-based(More)