Carmine J. Coscia

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Phosphorylation of the MAPK isoform ERK by G protein-coupled receptors involves multiple signaling pathways. One of these pathways entails growth factor receptor transactivation followed by ERK activation. This study demonstrates that a similar signaling pathway is used by the mu-opioid receptor (MOR) expressed in HEK293 cells and involves calmodulin (CaM).(More)
Acute mu and kappa opioids activate the ERK/MAPK phosphorylation cascade that represents an integral part of the signaling pathway of growth factors in astrocytes. By this cross-talk, opioids may impact neural development and plasticity among other basic neurobiological processes in vivo. The mu agonist, [D-ala2,mephe4,glyol5]enkephalin (DAMGO), induces a(More)
Although it is well-established that G protein-coupled receptor signaling systems can network with those of tyrosine kinase receptors by several mechanisms, the point(s) of convergence of the two pathways remains largely undelineated, particularly for opioids. Here we demonstrate that opioid agonists modulate the activity of the extracellular(More)
As reports on G protein-coupled receptor signal transduction mechanisms continue to emphasize potential differences in signaling due to relative receptor levels and cell type specificities, the need to study endogenously expressed receptors in appropriate model systems becomes increasingly important. Here we examine signal transduction mechanisms mediated(More)
Previously, we implicated the opioid receptor (OR), Gbetagamma subunits, and Ras in the opioid activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), a member of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase family involved in mitogenic signaling. We now report that OR endocytosis also plays a role in the opioid stimulation of ERK activity. COS-7(More)
Growth factors, hormones, and neurotransmitters have been implicated in the regulation of stem cell fate. Since various neural precursors express functional neurotransmitter receptors, which include G protein-coupled receptors, it is anticipated that they are involved in cell fate decisions. We detected mu-opioid receptor (MOR-1) and kappa-opioid receptor(More)
GTP binding regulatory protein (G protein)-coupled receptors can activate MAPK pathways via G protein-dependent and -independent mechanisms. However, the physiological outcomes correlated with the cellular signaling events are not as well characterized. In this study, we examine the involvement of G protein and beta-arrestin 2 pathways in kappa opioid(More)
Dihydrobenzophenanthridine (DHBP) oxidase catalyses the last step in the biogenesis of the benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloid sanguinarine. Addition of autoclaved fungal preparations or putative plant defence signalling intermediates (jasmonic acid (JA), methyl jasmonate (MeJ), acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)) to Sanguinaria canadensis cell suspension cultures(More)
In continuing studies on the metabolic activity of Papaver somniferum, latex has been examined for its enzyme and alkaloidal metabolite content. After an initial centrifugation of latex at 1000g, the pellet which contained a heterogeneous population of dense organelles was further resolved on sucrose gradients. Of the enzymes monitored, acid phosphatase and(More)
We investigated the postnatal ontogeny of opioid receptors in rat brain under assay conditions which, when combined with computerized analysis, effectively reflect the developmental profile of high affinity binding to mu, delta, and kappa subpopulations. Concentrations of mu sites were assessed with the selective ligand 3H-[D-ala2,mePhe4,gly-ol5]enkephalin(More)