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Recent immunocytochemical data have demonstrated increases in interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the IL-6-inducible acute phase protein, alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2-M), in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. We investigated the levels of these proteins quantitatively using ELISA procedures and determined if increases in IL-1 beta were(More)
Intramedullary nailing preceded by canal reaming is the current standard of treatment for long-bone fractures requiring stabilization. However, conventional reaming methods can elevate intramedullary temperature and pressure, potentially resulting in necrotic bone, systemic embolism, and pulmonary complications. To address this problem, a reamer irrigator(More)
BACKGROUND Healing of segmental bone defects can be induced experimentally with genetically modified osteoprogenitor cells, an ex vivo strategy that requires two operative interventions and substantial cost. Direct transfer of osteogenic genes offers an alternative, clinically expeditious, cost-effective approach. We evaluated its potential in a(More)
OBJECTIVE The differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into chondrocytes provides an attractive basis for the repair and regeneration of articular cartilage. Under clinical conditions, chondrogenesis will often need to occur in the presence of mediators of inflammation produced in response to injury or disease. The purpose of this study was to(More)
The circadian rhythm of plasma melatonin was investigated in normal men 18-30 years (N = 5), normal men 50-70 years (N = 5) and in six patients with endogenous depression. The environmental photoperiod was 11 hours. The subjects and patients were indoors with lights on from 07:00 until 23:00 hours. Blood samples were obtained every 4 hours over a 24 hour(More)
Receptor binding parameters and autoradiographic distribution of various opioid receptor sites have been investigated in normal human brain, post-mortem. [3H]DAGO, a highly selective mu ligand, binds to a single class of high affinity (Kd = 1.1 nM), low capacity (Bmax = 160 fmol/mg protein) sites in membrane preparations of frontal cortex. These sites show(More)
[3H]Phencyclidine [( 3H]PCP) binding to rat nucleus accumbens, hippocampal and striatal membranes, and PCP-induced locomotor hyperactivity were assessed following selective lesions of the mesolimbic dopaminergic system. 6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) injections into the A10 region of the ventral tegmental area or into the accumbens itself resulted in a blockade(More)
We investigated the age-related changes in the circadian rhythm of plasma melatonin as a potential index of brain aging in man. The subjects were 5 young men aged 19-25 years, 11 older men aged 51-65 years, 6 elderly men aged 66-89 years, 7 young women aged 19-25 years, 5 premenopausal women aged 45-50 years, 8 postmenopausal women aged 51-65 years, and 5(More)
[3H]Tryptamine binding in rat brain is widely distributed with highest densities in the cortex, striatum and hippocampus. This binding is stereospecific and is potently displaced by tryptamine analogues and beta-carbolines. Phenethylamines also possess a weaker activity in displacing [3H]tryptamine. The strict structural requirements for binding to this(More)
The relative potency of substance P, substance K and neuromedin K on [3H]substance P binding has been compared in rat brain membrane preparations. Substance K and neuromedin K, two newly isolated substance P-related mammalian peptides, are very weak competitors for [3H]substance P binding sites. It suggests that these two neuropeptides are not acting on the(More)