Carmen Y. S. Chu

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Distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) can be caused by mutations in the SLC4A1 gene encoding the anion exchanger 1 (AE1). Both recessive and dominant mutations result in mistrafficking of proteins, preventing them from reaching the basolateral membrane of renal epithelial cells, where their function is needed. In this study, we show that two dRTA mutants are(More)
Bicarbonate is a waste product of mitochondrial respiration and one of the main buffers in the human body. Thus, bicarbonate transporters play an essential role in maintaining acid-base balance but also during fetal development as they ensure tight regulation of cytosolic and extracellular environments. Bicarbonate transporters belong to two gene families,(More)
Mutations in the SLC4A1 gene encoding the anion exchanger 1 (AE1) can cause distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA), a disease often due to mis-trafficking of the mutant protein. In this study, we investigated whether trafficking of a Golgi-retained dRTA mutant, G701D kAE1, or two dRTA mutants retained in the endoplasmic reticulum, C479W and R589H kAE1, could(More)
dRTA (distal renal tubular acidosis) and HS (hereditary spherocytosis) are two diseases that can be caused by mutations in the gene encoding the AE1 (anion exchanger 1; Band 3). dRTA is characterized by defective urinary acidification, leading to metabolic acidosis, renal stones and failure to thrive. HS results in anaemia, which may require regular blood(More)
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