Carmen Wolf

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The present study investigated the possible modulatory action of oral taurine supplementation on the rewarding and aversive properties of low and high ethanol doses in male Wistar rats. A vinegar odor stimulus was daily paired with either ethanol (0.3 or 2.0 g/kg) or saline. In addition, half of the rats were supplemented orally with taurine (0.5 g/kg/day).(More)
Conjectural results have been reported on the capacity of inflammatory secreted phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) to hydrolyse mammalian membrane phospholipids. Development of an assay based on the release of non-esterified fatty acids by the enzyme acting on the organized phospholipid mixture constituting the membrane matrix has led to the identification of two(More)
Secretory type II phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) is inhibited by sphingomyelin (SPH); cholesterol either mixed with the model glycerophospholipid substrate or added to the assay medium as separated liposomes counteracts this inhibition efficiently. The inhibition of fatty acid release assayed by quantitative gas chromatography-MS is observed when SPH is added to(More)
Modulation of cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) activity by sphingomyelin (SPH), ceramide (Cer), and cholesterol (Chol) was investigated in CHO-2B cells activated by the calcium ionophore A23187 and epinephrine. Chol depletion of CHO-2B cells by treatment with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (5 mm) resulted in the inhibition of the release of arachidonic acid(More)
Lyso-phospholipids exert a major injurious effect on lung cell membranes during Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), but the mechanisms leading to their in vivo generation are still unknown. Intratracheal administration of LPS to guinea pigs induced the secretion of type II secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-II) accompanied by a marked increase in(More)
The phase behavior of mixed lipid dispersions representing the inner leaflet of the cell membrane has been characterized by X-ray diffraction. Aqueous dispersions of phosphatidylethanolamine:phosphatidylserine (4:1 mole/mole) have a heterogeneous structure comprising an inverted hexagonal phase H(II) and a lamellar phase. Both phases coexist in the(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of type-II secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIA) in alveolar space and its possible role in the destruction of surfactant in three rat models of acute lung injury. Alveolar instillation of either lipopolysaccaride or live Pseudomonas aeruginosa resulted in a significant increase in lung oedema and in a(More)
Two patients with chloracne had concentrations of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) of 144,000 and 26,000 pg/g blood lipids. Olestra, a non-digestible, lipophilic dietary fat substitute accelerated the patients' intestinal excretion of TCDD by eight to ten fold. This is sufficient to reduce the normally observed elimination half life of TCDD from(More)
Gel-based proteomics is a powerful approach to study the physiology of Staphylococcus aureus under various growth restricting conditions. We analyzed 679 protein spots from a reference 2-dimensional gel of cytosolic proteins of S. aureus COL by mass spectrometry resulting in 521 different proteins. 4,692 time dependent protein synthesis profiles were(More)
Melittin and phospholipase A2-activating protein (PLAP) are known as efficient activators of secretory phospholipase A2(sPLA2) types I, II, and III when phospholipid liposomes are used as substrate. The present study demonstrates that both peptides can either inhibit or activate sPLA2 depending on the peptide/phospholipid ratio when erythrocyte membranes(More)