Carmen Wilma van den Berg

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Meristems are distinctive regions of plants that have capacity for continuous growth. Their developmental activity generates the majority of plant organs. It is currently unknown how cell division and cell differentiation are orchestrated in meristems, although genetic studies have demonstrated the relevance of a proper balance between the two processes.(More)
The bite of spiders of the genus Loxosceles can induce a variety of biological effects, including dermonecrosis and complement (C) dependent haemolysis. The aim of this study was to characterise the toxins in the venom responsible for the different biological effects. We have previously shown that a 35 kDa protein, named F35, purified from Loxosceles(More)
Postembryonic development in plants is achieved by apical meristems. Surgical studies and clonal analysis have revealed indirectly that cells in shoot meristems have no predictable destiny and that position is likely to play a role in the acquisition of cell identity. In contrast to animal systems, there has been no direct evidence for inductive signalling(More)
Human erythrocyte CD59 contains N- and O-glycans and a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor, all of which have been analyzed in this study. The anchor consists principally of the minimum core glycan sequence Manalpha1-2Manalpha1-6Manalpha1-4GlcN-linked to a phosphatidylinositol moiety with the structure sn-1-O-alkyl(C18:0 and(More)
Glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins are unique in that they penetrate only the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane but are still able to mediate intracellular signalling events following antibody-induced ligation. Detergent solubilisation studies suggest that microdomains exist at the cell surface within which are sequestered GPI-linked(More)
Loxoscelism is caused by envenomation by spiders from Loxosceles genus. Clinical symptoms only appear a few hours after envenomation and can evolve in local reactions, such as dermonecrosis, and systemic reactions, such as intravascular haemolysis, intravascular coagulation and renal failure. Current therapies are not effective, often not based in(More)
Many membrane proteins are attached via a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. Proteins anchored in this way make no direct contact with the interior of the cell, therefore a role in signaling or activation would seem unlikely. Nevertheless, cross-linking of GPI-anchored proteins on human and murine T lymphocytes has been shown to cause calcium(More)
We have recently shown that sphingomyelinase D toxins from the spider Loxosceles intermedia induce Complement (C) -dependent haemolysis of autologous erythrocytes by the induction of cleavage of cell-surface glycophorins through activation of a membrane-bound metalloproteinase. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of these toxins on(More)
Loxosceles is the most venomous spider in Brazil, and envenomation causes dermonecrosis and complement (C)-dependent intravascular hemolysis. The authors studied the mechanism of induction of C-induced hemolysis. Purified Loxosceles toxins rendered human erythrocytes susceptible to lysis by human C but did not have an effect on the E-bound C-regulators DAF,(More)
Envenomation by the spider Loxosceles (brown spider) can result in dermonecrosis and severe ulceration. We have previously shown that Loxosceles sphingomyelinase D (SMaseD), the enzyme responsible for these pathological effects, induced expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), which is possibly one of the main factors involved in the pathogenesis(More)