Carmen Villagrasa

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PURPOSE The GEANT4 general-purpose Monte Carlo simulation toolkit is able to simulate physical interaction processes of electrons, hydrogen and helium atoms with charge states (H0, H+) and (He0, He+, He2+), respectively, in liquid water, the main component of biological systems, down to the electron volt regime and the submicrometer scale, providing GEANT4(More)
Understanding the fundamental mechanisms involved in the induction of biological damage by ionizing radiation remains a major challenge of today's radiobiology research. The Monte Carlo simulation of physical, physicochemical and chemical processes involved may provide a powerful tool for the simulation of early damage induction. The Geant4-DNA extension of(More)
This paper presents a study of energy deposits induced by ionising particles in liquid water at the molecular scale. Particles track structures were generated using the Geant4-DNA processes of the Geant4 Monte-Carlo toolkit. These processes cover electrons (0.025 eV-1 MeV), protons (1 keV-100 MeV), hydrogen atoms (1 keV-100 MeV) and alpha particles (10(More)
In this work the "Density Based Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise" (DBSCAN) algorithm was adapted to early stage DNA damage clustering calculations. The resulting algorithm takes into account the distribution of energy deposit induced by ionising particles and a damage probability function that depends on the total energy deposit amount. Proton(More)
The ROSIRIS project aims to study the radiobiology of integrated systems for medical treatment optimisation using ionising radiations and evaluate the associated risk. In the framework of this project, one research focus is the interpretation of the initial radio-induced damage in DNA created by ionising radiation (and detected by γ-H2AX foci analysis) from(More)
Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE) values are used to characterise the biological efficiency of different radiation qualities relative to photon irradiations. The RBE-high linear energy transfer (LET) relation for ion irradiations presents general features that the authors propose to look at using a nanometric description of the energy deposition of(More)
The purpose of this work is to evaluate the influence of the chromatin condensation on the number of direct double-strand break (DSB) damages induced by ions. Two geometries of chromosome territories containing either condensed or decondensed chromatin were implemented as biological targets in the Geant4 Monte Carlo simulation code and proton and alpha(More)
Proton and ion beams are radiotherapy modalities of increasing importance and interest. Because of the different biological dose response of these radiations as compared with high-energy photon beams, the current approach of treatment prescription is based on the product of the absorbed dose to water and a biological weighting factor, but this is found to(More)
The research project BioQuaRT within the European Metrology Research Programme aimed at correlating ion track structure characteristics with the biological effects of radiation and developed measurement and simulation techniques for determining ion track structure on different length scales from about 2 nm to about 10 μm. Within this framework, we(More)