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1. The effect of guanosine on L-[2,3-3H]glutamate uptake was investigated in brain cortical slices under normal or oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) conditions. 2. In slices exposed to physiological conditions, guanosine (1-100 microM) stimulated glutamate uptake (up to 100%) in a concentration-dependent manner when a high (100 microM) but not a low (1(More)
UNLABELLED The number of diagnosed inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) is growing constantly due to the improvement and widespread availability of analytical techniques. In 1982, a laboratory for the detection of IEM was set up in Porto Alegre, Brazil, and became a national reference centre for the diagnosis of these disorders. Ten thousand patients with(More)
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria have been isolated from sugarcane in an endophytic and beneficial interaction that promotes plant growth. In this work, for the first time, the involvement of ethylene signalling in this interaction was investigated by molecular characterizing members of this pathway in sugarcane. The expression pattern of a putative ethylene(More)
CONTEXT It is known that oxidative stress occurs in peripheral blood in an experimental animal model of diabetes and depression, and acute treatment with insulin and clonazepam (CNZ) has a protective effect on oxidative stress in this model. OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the effect of insulin plus CNZ on oxidative stress parameters in the liver of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the validity, reproducibility, and responsiveness of a simplified power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) assessment of joint inflammation compared with a comprehensive 44-joint PDUS assessment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who started therapy with a biologic agent. METHODS A total of 160 patients with active RA who started a(More)
It is well established that the involvement of reactive species in the pathophysiology of several neurological diseases, including phenylketonuria (PKU), a metabolic genetic disorder biochemically characterized by elevated levels of phenylalanine (Phe). In previous studies, we verified that PKU patients (treated with a protein-restricted diet supplemented(More)
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of phenylalanine (Phe) metabolism, biochemically characterized by the accumulation of Phe and its metabolites in blood and tissues of affected patients. Treatment for PKU consists of a protein restricted diet supplemented with a mixture containing essential amino acids (other than Phe) and micronutrients. In recent(More)
Propionic acidemia (PAemia) and methylmalonic acidemia (MMAemia) are inborn errors of propionate metabolism characterized by the accumulation of, respectively, propionic and l-methylmalonic acids (and their metabolites) in the blood and tissues of affected patients. The conditions lead to severe metabolic complications in the neonatal period and to(More)
Phenylketonuria is the most frequent disturbance of amino acid metabolism. Treatment for phenylketonuric patients consists of phenylalanine intake restriction. However, there are patients who do not adhere to treatment and/or are not submitted to neonatal screening. These individuals are more prone to develop brain damage due to long-lasting toxic effects(More)
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with increased oxidative stress as indicated by elevated levels of lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation products. Since reactive oxygen species (ROS) can cause damage to biological macromolecules including DNA, this study investigated oxidative damage to DNA using the alkaline (pH > 13) comet assay in peripheral whole(More)