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1. The effect of guanosine on L-[2,3-3H]glutamate uptake was investigated in brain cortical slices under normal or oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) conditions. 2. In slices exposed to physiological conditions, guanosine (1-100 microM) stimulated glutamate uptake (up to 100%) in a concentration-dependent manner when a high (100 microM) but not a low (1(More)
It is well established that the involvement of reactive species in the pathophysiology of several neurological diseases, including phenylketonuria (PKU), a metabolic genetic disorder biochemically characterized by elevated levels of phenylalanine (Phe). In previous studies, we verified that PKU patients (treated with a protein-restricted diet supplemented(More)
Phenylketonuria is the most frequent disturbance of amino acid metabolism. Treatment for phenylketonuric patients consists of phenylalanine intake restriction. However, there are patients who do not adhere to treatment and/or are not submitted to neonatal screening. These individuals are more prone to develop brain damage due to long-lasting toxic effects(More)
High levels of propionic acid (PPA) comparable to those of human propionic acidemia were achieved in blood (1-5 mmol/l) and brain (1 micromol/g) of rats by administering saline-buffered propionate (pH 7.4) subcutaneously twice a day from the 6th to the 28th day of life. PPA doses ranged from 1.44 to 1.92 micromol/g body weight as a function of animal age.(More)
Patients affected by X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) present a progressive brain and peripheral demyelination and adrenal cortex insufficiency, associated with accumulation of the very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) hexacosanoic acid (C26:0) and tetracosanoic acid (C24:0) in different tissues and biological fluids. X-ALD is characterized by(More)
The disaccharide trehalose is considered as a universal stress molecule, protecting cells and biomolecules from injuries imposed by high osmolarity, heat, oxidation, desiccation and freezing. Chromohalobacter salexigens is a halophilic and extremely halotolerant γ-proteobacterium of the family Halomonadaceae. In this work, we have investigated the role of(More)
Burkholderia phymatum strain GR01 is a recently reported common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) symbiont isolated from nodules of plants grown in semi-arid soils in Morocco. The osmotolerance of B. phymatum GR01N under free-living and in symbiotic association with P. vulgaris was investigated in this study. The osmotolerance of B. phymatum GR01N was checked by(More)
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of amino acid metabolism caused by severe deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase activity, leading to the accumulation of phenylalanine and its metabolites in blood and tissues of affected patients. Phenylketonuric patients present as the major clinical feature mental retardation, whose pathomechanisms are poorly(More)
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is the most frequent disturbance of amino acid metabolism being caused by severe deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase activity. Untreated PKU patients present severe mental retardation whose pathophysiology is not completely estabilished. Despite the low-Phe diet, a considerable number of phenylketonuric patients present a mild to(More)
Neurological dysfunction is common in patients with maple syrup urine disease (MSUD). However, the mechanisms underlying the neuropathology of this disorder are poorly known. In the present study we investigated the effect of acute hyperleucinemia on plasma and brain concentrations of amino acids. Fifteen-day-old rats were injected subcutaneously with 6(More)