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In this study, we have analyzed the ontogenic expression of three gonadotrophin-releasing hormones (GnRH) systems expressed in the brain of a perciform fish, the European sea bass, using in situ hybridization. The riboprobes used correspond to the GnRH-associated peptide (GAP) coding regions of the three prepro-GnRH cDNAs cloned from the same species:(More)
Cytochrome P4501A monooxygenase has an important function in the biotransformation of many xenobiotics, including polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, and planar organochlorine compounds. The metabolism can lead to detoxification or activation to reactive intermediates. Exposure of fish leads to a receptor-mediated induction of CYP1A gene expression. The(More)
Epidermal, branchial and digestive mucous cells, and the gastric glands of larvae/postlarvae (from hatching until 45 days posthatching) of three fish species (two teleostean and a chondrostean) were investigated using conventional histochemical methods (periodic acid schiff -PAS-, diastase-PAS; alcian blue pH 0.5, 1 and 2.5) in order to distinguish neutral(More)
Different antisera directed against mammalian and piscine pituitary hormones, as well as a battery of various conventional histochemical techniques (PAS, Alcian Blue pH 2.5, Bromophenol Blue) and lectins, were used to identify the different hormonal cell types in the pituitary of the Senegalese sole, Solea senegalensis. Prolactin and adrenocorticotrophic(More)
Histological (tissular and cellular) indices have a tradition of determining the nutritional condition of fish both in the laboratory and in the wild. The assessment of condition by means of microscopical methods is probably the mos accurate indicator of nutritional status during the early life stages of fish. This success is partly attributable large(More)
CYP1A is a major inducible enzyme in the metabolism of xenobiotic substrates. In this paper we investigate by means of immunohistochemistry, the tissue distribution of constitutive cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) during the period of endogenous nutrition (from hatching until day 4) in developing gilthead seabream, Sparus aurata larvae. For this purpose, a(More)
In this paper we investigate by means of immunohistochemistry, the tissue distribution of constitutive cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A), from hatching until 30 days posthatching in developing Siberian sturgeon, Acipenser baeri. For this purpose, a polyclonal (BN-1) antiserum developed against a conservative sequence of piscine CYP1A and a monoclonal (C10-7)(More)
Within the frame of the 2nd Iberian Congress of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (University of the Basque Country, Leioa, June 1998) a workshop was held about the use of biomarkers in marine pollution monitoring. Among others, the following biomarkers received special attention: metallothionein induction, acetylcholinesterase inhibition,(More)
The Vasa protein is an RNA helicase belonging the DEAD (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp)-box family. The crucial role played by the vasa gene in the germ-cell lineage of both vertebrates and invertebrates has made this gene a useful molecular marker for germinal cells and a useful tool in surrogate broodstock production using primordial germ cell transplantation. With the(More)
The effects of lead (Pb) on ALA-D activity, metallothionein (MT) levels, and lipid peroxidation in liver, kidney, and blood of the toadfish Halobatrachus didactylus were investigated. A time-course experiment was performed with sampling on days 0, 2, 5, and 7 following intraperitoneal Pb injection. This indicated a rank order for lead concentration of(More)