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A risk prediction model for invasive bacterial infection (IBI) was prospectively evaluated among children presenting with cancer, fever, and neutropenia. The model incorporated assessment of 5 previously identified risk factors: serum level of C-reactive protein (CRP) >/=90 mg/L, hypotension, identification of relapse of leukemia as the cancer type,(More)
BACKGROUND The National Chilean Pediatric Oncology Group, PINDA, reports the first prospective, nonrandomized trial for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), using a modified version of the Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster protocol (ALL BFM 86). The aim of this study was to classify immunophenotypes, to decrease cranial irradiation, and to assess whether this(More)
PURPOSE To compare outcome and cost of ambulatory versus hospitalized management among febrile neutropenic children at low risk for invasive bacterial infection (IBI). PATIENTS AND METHODS Children presenting with febrile neutropenia at six hospitals in Santiago, Chile, were categorized as high or low risk for IBI. Low-risk children were randomly assigned(More)
A fourteen month old infant was admitted for evaluation because of continuous high fever and an indurated nodular lesion at the left thigh of one month course. After admittance painful inflammatory subcutaneous nodules appeared in the face and trunk, these were accompanied by enlarged cervical lymph nodes and hepatomegaly. Histological evaluation of the(More)
BACKGROUND Empiric antifungal treatment has become standard of care in children with cancer and prolonged fever and febrile neutropenia (FN), with the downside that it leads to significant over treatment. We characterized epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory features of invasive fungal disease (IFD) in children with cancer and FN with the aim to identify(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive fungal infections (IFI) cause prolonged hospitalizations and increase the possibility of death among patients with cancer and febrile neutropenia (FN). Up to 10% of febrile neutropenic episodes may be caused by IFI. AIM To estimate the incidence of IFI among a large group of Chilean children with cancer and FN. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
PURPOSE To identify clinical and laboratory parameters present at the time of a first evaluation that could help predict which children with cancer, fever, and neutropenia were at high risk or low risk for an invasive bacterial infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS Over a 17-month period, all children with cancer, fever, and neutropenia admitted to five(More)
Thirty-seven patients with Ewing sarcoma were treated in the First National Chilean Trial for Ewing's Sarcoma (1986-1991), which comprised the St. Jude Ewing's 78 Study. All patients received cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and Dactinomycin for a total treatment period of about 10 months, and all prescribed therapy was administered. Local(More)
The severity and duration of post chemotherapy neutropenia were recognized during the 1960s as main predisposing factors for infections in cancer patients. At the beginning of the 70's a standard management approach for all febrile neutropenia (FN) episodes was proposed, based on hospitalization and intravenous empirical broad spectrum antibiotic therapy.(More)